God's Trombones: African American Cadences and Culture
Tue, 27 Feb 2018 21:04:00 +0000
"I'll Make Me a World": James Weldon Johnson's God's Trombones in the African American Poetic Tradition Exhibit by Noelle Morrissette will be on display in the Hodges Reading Room of UNCG Special Collections and University Archives on the second floor of Jackson Library March 12-16, 2018, from 9 am - 5 pm. The exhibit is free and open to the public.
Johnson emphasized the story of a black poetic tradition in The Book of American Negro Poetry
(1922, 1931), The Book of American Negro Spirituals
(1925) and the Second Book of American Negro Spirituals
(1926), the anthologies of poetry and the spirituals that he collected in the 1920s.
Johnson's lengthy, groundbreaking introductions to these works framed African American culture in a critical conversation about American literary and cultural traditions. His God's Trombones: Seven Negro Sermons in Verse (1927) honored the creative, spiritual and political legacy of the black church and its sermonic tradition, a dynamic and sustaining culture for African Americans that could, in Johnson's view, sustain the nation.
PRESERVING THE PAST FOR THE FUTURE
Paper Grain: Enhances or Impedes the Function of a Book
Thu, 01 Mar 2018 19:43:00 +0000
There are many steps to designing and constructing a book that functions well in the hands of a reader. Considering the properties of each component used in the book’s construction will have a significant influence on its performance. In Preservation Services, we are most often repairing books rather than creating new bindings, so we inherit the bookbinding decisions made by a book’s original creator, whether good or bad. As we determine the best method of repair, we consider both the aesthetic outcome (how a book will look) as well as the function of the book.
Photo by Brandi Redd on Unsplash.com
The type and quality of paper used in the binding can affect how long a book will last over time. One of the recurring issues conservators face are brittle books. Between the 1850s and 1980s, the publishing industry sought ways to produce large quantities of books that were cheaper to manufacture. Books printed on wood-pulp paper were among the ill-fated results as the process of making the paper left it destined to become more acidic over time which causes the paper fibers to break down and become weak. Surprisingly, a book made during the Renaissance era might be in better condition than a book printed in the 1950s due to the type of paper used.
|Brittle book |
Additionally, the way the paper is used in the binding has a substantial influence on how the book will operate, such as how the book will open and close or how easily the pages will turn. Just like wood, paper has a grain direction to it. As paper is made, whether handmade or machine-made, the fibers generally align vertically or horizontally due to the motion of how a papermaker forms the sheet or how the fibers are extruded from a machine.
It is usually a simple task to identify the grain of a sheet of paper, though in some paper it is difficult to determine. If you have ever tried to tear a coupon out of a newspaper, you have likely experienced the blessing and curse of paper grain. In one direction, the paper is easy to tear straight but in the other it has a mind of its own. When tearing with the grain direction, it is much easier to make a straight tear.
|Making paper by hand|
By Hahnemühle PR (Own work) [CC BY-SA 3.0
(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons
|Left: Tearing with the paper grain, Right: Tearing against the paper grain|
(Blue arrows indicate grain direction)
Another method of determining the grain of paper is to bend it as if you are about to fold it. When you bend against the paper grain, the paper is more resistant to the pressure of your hand. When you bend with the grain, the paper seems much more cooperative with the folding process.
|Testing the paper grain|
Similarly, folding and creasing with the paper grain creates a much tidier fold than when the paper is folded against the grain.
So, how does paper grain affect the function of a book? The rule of thumb with grain direction in bookbinding is to make sure the grain of all your materials (book board used to make the covers, book cloth covering the book, and any other material with a grain used in the construction of a book) is running parallel to the spine of the book. Not only will the paper fold more easily and neatly if the grain direction is parallel to the spine, but it also affects how well the book opens and its ability to adjust to environmental changes like humidity.
|Left: Folding against the paper grain, Right: Folding with the paper grain|
|Pages do not drape properly because the grain direction |
is perpendicular to the spine of the book
|Pages with correct grain direction drape open more easily|
As a book is fully opened, the pages should easily turn and lay down without extra effort from the reader. In bookbinding, this is referred to as the drape of the book. If the pages drape nicely, the grain direction of the pages is likely parallel to the spine. If the pages must be held open or even stand up on their own, the grain direction of the pages is likely perpendicular to the spine.
|When grain direction is wrong, a book exposed to humidity ripples |
and dries because it is restricted by sewing or adhesive at the
spine and cannot swell and shrink freely.
If the grain direction is wrong, the pages are not allowed to shrink and swell with changes in humidity. Paper swells when it takes in moisture from the air. Perhaps you have noticed ripples in the pages near the center of a book where the pages are sewn or adhered at the spine. Usually, this is a result of the book experiencing increased humidity. The paper swells but has nowhere to go, so it ripples and dries. If the grain direction is parallel to the spine, the pages can swell outward from the spine when it is more humid and shrink back to normal in drier conditions.
|Rippling along the center of the pages indicates|
the paper grain is likely perpendicular to the spine,
which impedes proper function of the book.
Though we can’t change the grain direction in a book that arrives in Preservation Services to be repaired or restored, understanding its impact on the function of a book is helpful as we determine the best solution for its repair.
2018 Diversity and Global Engagement Expo Panel Discussion
Wed, 21 Mar 2018 18:21:00 +0000
An annual event, the UNC Greensboro University Libraries' Diversity and Global Engagement Expo features a collective sharing of music, food, culture and values.
At the the 31 January 2018 Expo, a panel of UNC Greensboro faculty and staff discussed the importance of diversity and multiculturalism in higher education.
The Friends of the UNCG Libraries are advocates and supporters of the Libraries. Our Friends make a real difference in our ability to serve the campus and the local community.
Annual Friends of the Libraries Dinner Set for April 28
Tue, 13 Mar 2018 16:13:00 +0000
University Libraries will host its annual Friends of the Libraries Dinner fundraiser on Saturday, April 28 at 6:30 p.m. The evening’s festivities—which will take place at the Greensboro Country Club—will include dinner, the Friends of the UNC Greensboro Libraries Annual Award presented to Scuppernong Books, details about the University Libraries’ building renovations, a special presentation honoring the State Librarian of North Carolina Cal Shepard and a keynote talk by North Carolina author and UNC Greensboro alumna Marianne Gingher. Proceeds from the event will help support University Libraries’ most pressing needs, including its collections, resources and services.
Tickets for the Friends of the UNC Greensboro Libraries Dinner are available in three categories: $100 Dinner per person for one ticket ($50 tax deductible), $125 Anniversary Dinner per person in honor of UNC Greensboro’s 125th Anniversary for one ticket ($75 tax-deductible) or $850 per Table Ambassador ($450 tax-deductible) for eight tickets. For more information or to purchase tickets, contact the Triad Stage Box Office at 336-272-0160 or http://purchase.tickets.com/buy/TicketPurchase?pid=8552133
Gingher, an award-winning novelist, editor
and educator, is a professor of English at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. She has published a much-praised novel, Bobby Rex’s Greatest Hit, a collection of stories, Teen Angel and Other Stories of Wayward Love, and a book of essays, A Girl’s Life: Horses, Boys, Weddings, and Luck. She is also the author of Amazing Place: What North Carolina Means to Writers, which showcases a mix of familiar favorites and newer voices, expressing in their own words how North Carolina shapes the literature of its people. Her nonfiction has also appeared in the Oxford American, the New York Times, the Washington Post Magazine, O and Our State.
Gingher holds a master’s degree from UNC Greensboro and a bachelor’s degree from The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Shepard has held a distinguished career in library services. Prior to her role as the state librarian of North Carolina, she served as chief of library development. Early in her career, Shepard held several positions in public libraries starting out as a children’s librarian in Murphy, North Carolina. She received her MLS from The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and is active in the American Library Association and the Chief Officers of State Library. She serves on the Board of Visitors for the UNC School of Library and Information Science and on the boards of Educopia and the North Carolina Center for After School Programs. She received the Distinguished Alumni Award from The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 2013.
The 2018 Friends of the UNC Greensboro Libraries Award will be presented to Scuppernong Books. The award is given annually to an individual, company or organization in recognition of significant or long-standing dedication and outstanding work in fostering books, reading and literary activity in Greensboro.
The place to discover library tools for your research and class.
Thu, 08 Feb 2018 16:56:00 +0000
Now you can watch top-rated films from the Sundance and Tribeca film festivals, in the classroom or the dorm room, for free! Film Platform’s
collection of films features the newest award-winning documentaries and current film festival favorites. Over 90 percent of Film Platform’s
streaming collection is not available anywhere else!
This truly unique film collection features films from across the world on diverse topics:
- African Cinema and Culture
- American History
- Ecology and the Environment
- Human Rights
- Latin American Studies
- Native American Studies
- Religion and Spirituality
You can access films from your laptop computer both on and off campus! If you are visiting the site from on campus, or you are logged in to the library’s Proxy server, the streaming player opens automatically every time you visit a film page. If you are not on campus, log in to your Proxy server using your UNCG ID and password. Instructions can be found here
. Once logged in, the streaming player will automatically open on your laptop or computer when you access a film.
Instructors can add a film link to Canvas by following instructions found here
Check-in to see which new DVDs are hitting the shelves in Jackson Library!
Mon, 05 Mar 2018 16:41:00 +0000
Have a suggestion for the UNCG Libraries?
Mon, 26 Feb 2018 10:30:00 +0000
The Libraries would love to hear your thoughts about Jackson and Schiffman Libraries. Let us know what you like and what we could do better!
You may submit a comment online
or in the suggestion boxes on the first floor of Jackson Library across from the Check Out Desk, in the Digital Media Commons on the lower level of Jackson and in the Harold Schiffman Music Library. We look forward to hearing from you!
Photos and other fun stuff from The University of North Carolina at Greensboro’s Martha Blakeney Hodges Special Collections and University Archives in the University Libraries.
You can also follow us on Twitter: @UNCGArchives!
Maresius, Samuel, Étienne de Courcelles, and David Blondel....
Wed, 21 Mar 2018 14:00:45 -0400
Tales from the University Archives at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro
The History of the College’s Yearbook Part II: 1930s to 1950s
Mon, 19 Mar 2018 13:00:00 +0000
As the college moved into the 1930s, it underwent transformations that reflected the unsettled economic trials of the country. The stock market crash of 1929 threw the nation into a financial crisis, resulting in a drop in enrollment and faculty pay for the North Carolina women’s college. Faculty took an additional hit when Greensboro banks failed in 1933. In the midst of these calamities, and under the watchful eye of President Julius Foust, the school officially consolidated with the University of North Carolina and the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Engineering, and was renamed the Woman’s College of the University of North Carolina.
|Students representing "Sportsmanship," 1931 Pine Needles|
Yet during these tumultuous times, the Pine Needles
yearbook maintained its high quality with a combination of photographs and interesting graphics. Most of the yearbooks from the 1930s had themes which gave the publications a visual focus. The 1932 edition featured the “melting pot” of American culture with chapter illustrations that represented various groups of North Carolina settlers. The theme of the 1933 yearbook was mysteries and superstitions, incorporating drawings of stylishly dressed young “detectives” who resembled the recently created heroine, Nancy Drew. This edition also reflected an unusual part of the college’s history when men were briefly admitted as day students during the Great Depression. It was during this time that Pine Needles
began to consistently include photographs of the faculty and students; campus buildings; “superlatives;” class mascots; and societies, organizations, and clubs. Dedication and In Memoriam pages saw older faculty members and students remembered by the campus community.
|Image from the 1933 Pine Needles|
The 1941 Pine Needles
ushered color into the annual publication and featured the 50th anniversary of the founding of the college. This yearbook, as well as the 1942 – 1946 volumes, covered the years when World War II was a major part of the daily life of the school and the country. Through the War Service League, the students and faculty, led by Chancellor Walter Clinton Jackson, contributed a great deal to the war effort. Yet, beyond the war, 1940s yearbooks also reflected the growth of the college, with events such as the Arts Forum and Social Science Forum and the founding of the Weatherspoon Art Gallery. At the end of the decade, the school was the largest women’s college in the United States and Pine Needles attempted to modernize its design by replacing quaint themes with a look to the future.
|Chancellor Jackson with Woman's College Students, 1941 Pine Needles|
The 1950s brought a great deal of change to the campus. Chancellor Jackson retired in 1950 and many older campus buildings were replaced by more functional structures. The decade also saw the desegregation of the campus in 1956 with the admittance of JoAnne Smart and Bettye Ann Davis Tillman. Although JoAnne and Bettye were included in individual and dormitory group photographs, it would take years before African American students were truly represented in Pine Needles
. As the college moved into the 1960s, enrollment was at an all-time high, but Woman’s College was facing many challenges which reflected larger national issues, such as Civil Rights and the Vietnam War. Part III of the History of the College’s Yearbook will cover the school’s move to co-education, campus activism, and the demise of Pine Needles
|JoAnne Smart in a Shaw Dormitory Group Photograph, 1957 Pine Needles|
UNCG's land of data releases, new data sources, fun stats information, and much more!
PSID Data User Training Workshop
Fri, 16 Feb 2018 15:46:00 +0000
The ICPSR Summer Program would like to announce the following workshop, sponsored by the Panel Study of Income Dynamics:
PSID Data User Training Workshop
June 11-15, 2018, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
This five-day workshop will orient participants to the content and structure of the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, its special topics modules, and the PSID Child Development Supplement and PSID Transition into Adulthood Supplement. The workshop pairs morning instructional sessions led by experienced PSID researchers and staff with afternoon guided lab sessions in which users construct their own analytic data files.
Admitted graduate students, post-doctoral scholars, and junior faculty or researchers may request to be considered for a stipend to help with travel and housing costs. All applications received by April 13 will be given priority for enrollment.
Support is provided by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute on Child Health and Human Development.