Race and Slavery Petitions Project

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PAR Number 20681610

State: Georgia Year: 1816
Location: Emanuel Location Type: County

Abstract: Edward Freeman alleges that William Hines has damaged him to "the sum of one thousand dollars." Freeman owned a slave named Simon, valued at $600, and Hines owned a slave named Kizia or Kiz. Hines claimed that Kizia "had been a sound and healthy wench," and they made a bargain whereby Hines gave Freeman $107 and Kizia in exchange for Simon. However, Kizia suffered from "a certain disease called spasms or convulsion fits which rendered said negro woman unsound and unable to perform any labour and thereby became an expense to your Petitioner and also continued to languish and Languishingly did live untill she died of the fits aforesaid." Freeman sues for $1,000 damages.

PAR Number 20681612

State: Georgia Year: 1816
Location: Wilkes Location Type: County

Abstract: Boling Anthony claims that Thomas W. Sims "hath injured your petitioner four thousand dollars." Anthony gave Sims $1,600 for a slave named Tamer and her six children. Sims gave Anthony a receipt for the transaction and promised to deliver the slaves. However, Anthony insists that Sims has refused to honor his part of the bargain. Anthony sues for $4,000 damages.

PAR Number 20682216

State: Georgia Year: 1822
Location: Jones Location Type: County

Abstract: Daniel Melson purchased five slaves from Andrew Gordon in 1818 for the sum of $3,000. He paid $1,000 cash and wrote a promissory note for the $2,000 remaining due. One of the slaves, Little Andy, however, had a disease "which attacked him every summer," and of which he eventually died. In addition, Melson felt the sixteen percent interest charged on the unpaid portion of sale was illegally usurious. Gordon instituted a suit against Melson to recover the remaining $2,000, plus interest, and a jury found in his favor for a little over $1,100. Melson appealed. During the course of litigation, Gordon died, and Melson is now trying to win his case by suing John Dumas, administrator of Gordon's estate. He is suing to recover his expenses and receive an injunction preventing Dumas from collection on the $1,100 verdict.

PAR Number 20682315

State: Georgia Year: 1823
Location: Laurens Location Type: County

Abstract: James Gibson purchased a slave named Pino for $500 from Abraham Shiver in 1821. Shiver warranted the slave as "sound and well and free from any disease whatever." Gibson, however, found that the slave was not well, but suffered from dropsy and "did linger and die." Gibson incurred medical expenses. He alleges fraud on the seller's part and sues for $1,000 in damages.

PAR Number 20683110

State: Georgia Year: 1831
Location: Richmond Location Type: County

Abstract: Charles L. Hall was the owner of a male slave named Vall, valued at $1,000. Hall alleges that Richard Mooney and Gilbert McNair chased Vall "a great distance" with "the intent to beat and illtreat the said negroe man slave." The petitioner avers that Vall hid himself in a stream in order to elude his pursuers, but the defendants discovered his hiding place and refused to allow him to get out of the water; as a result, Vall "took a violent "Cold and in consequence thereof, died." Hall sues Mooney and McNair for $2,000 in damages.

PAR Number 20683513

State: Georgia Year: 1835
Location: Elbert Location Type: County

Abstract: Weston and William Patterson state that they paid James Henderson $212.50 for "a certain negro man named Isaac & a certain Mare or Philly." He "the said James undertook then and there warranted and promised that the said negro man Isaac & the said Philly were sound and well." Isaac, however, was not well and soon died. The petitioners allege that Henderson knew that Isaac was afflicted at the time of the sale with "Dropsey of the Breast." They sue for $350 in damages.

PAR Number 20684007

State: Georgia Year: 1840
Location: Richmond Location Type: County

Abstract: David Wolfe states that he purchased a slave, Sely, twenty-three years of age, for $625 from Joseph Woods and Charles Hatcher, slave traders. Wolfe states that the slave was afflicted with a venereal disease or the "bad disorder" and died five months after the sale. Wolfe asserts that during her illness, he incurred medical expenses amounting to $1,000 for the care of the slave. He charges the defendants with fraud and seeks $1,000 in damages.

PAR Number 20684008

State: Georgia Year: 1840
Location: Clarke Location Type: County

Abstract: Stinson Jarrell states that Richard Tucker owes him $65, plus interest, for the hire of a "negro woman," Malinday. Jarrell avers that Tucker has refused to pay the debt and return the slave. He seeks $100 in damages.

PAR Number 20684103

State: Georgia Year: 1841
Location: Troup Location Type: County

Abstract: Thomas and Lucy Hodnett state that their reputations as "good honest just and faithful citizens" have been damaged by the slander of Wade Jones. When Caroline, a slave hired by the Hodnetts from the estate of Willis Jones, died "of disease" February 1841, Jones accused Lucy Hodnett of mistreatment. He informed a group of citizens that Lucy Hodnett was guilty of "beating her (the said girl) with a loom bench quilting frame & hickory Stick!" The defendant remarked that if he had been the physician, he "should have to have the girl (meaning Caroline) taken up (that is to have disinterred & a post mortem examination had over her.)" The petitioners aver that Lucy Hodnett is now suspected of murder and that their neighbors have "wholly refrained from having any transaction acquaintance or discourse with her." The petitioners seek $15,000 in damages.

PAR Number 20684713

State: Georgia Year: 1847
Location: Troup Location Type: County

Abstract: David Dumas, Thomas Morris, and Benjamin Cleveland sold two slaves, Emily and Charles, to Benjamin Gates for the sum of $1,200. They executed a title for the slaves in Gates's name and warranted the slaves. Gates avers that at the time of the sale, and unbeknownst to him, Emily was "sick and diseased & unsound." She died shortly after the sale. Gates contends that he spent $200 in medical expenses for Emily. He seeks $2,400 in damages.

PAR Number 20685010

State: Georgia Year: 1850
Location: Richmond Location Type: County

Abstract: John Hill, as trustee of Lucy Hill, hired out a 25-year-old slave named Henry, valued at $1,000, to the Georgia Rail Road & Banking Company. The company agreed to be responsible for the slave's medical treatment, and to take him to headquarters in Augusta should he become ill. Hill argues that his slave became sick in August but was not moved to Augusta or properly cared for until October. As a result, the slave developed "incurable Dropsy" and died. Hill seeks $2,000 in damages.

PAR Number 20685017

State: Georgia Year: 1850
Location: Troup Location Type: County

Abstract: Silas Gordon states that he purchased two slaves, Daniel and Tom, from agents representing Malcolm A. Mosely. Gordon states that the dealers claimed the slaves were sound in both mind and body. However, after getting the slaves home, Gordon was been forced to care for Daniel, "who was of no use or value to your petitioner untill the time of his death." Gordon accrued over $200 in medical bills for his care of Daniel. Now, Gordon seeks compensation from Mosely.

PAR Number 20686034

State: Georgia Year: 1860
Location: Wilkes Location Type: County

Abstract: George T. Talbert purchased a slave, Whitfield, from Stephen G. Pettus for $633.33, on 6 December 1859. At the time of the transaction, Pettus claimed that Whitfield was of "sound body and mind." Talbert claims that, in fact, Whitfield had several diseases "affecting the heart & kidneys and Bladder," and that he has since died. Talbert claims damages amounting to $1,000 and he asks the court to investigate this matter.

PAR Number 20686224

State: Georgia Year: 1862
Location: Wilkes Location Type: County

Abstract: Jesse C. Williams hired out a slave "Boy Bill," a shoemaker by trade, to John L. Anderson for the year 1861. Williams claims that Anderson neglected Bill, subjected him to extreme heat and cold, and that Bill became ill. Bill received no medical attention and died from this illness. Williams claims damages of $2,000 and he asks that Anderson appear in court to answer to these complaints.

PAR Number 20780403

State: Kentucky Year: 1804
Location: Jefferson Location Type: County

Abstract: Joseph Antoine, a free man of color, petitions the court to prevent Jonathan Purcel, Emanuel Lacey, Davis Floyd, or any other person, from selling him into slavery. Antoine, also known as Ben, was emancipated in Havana, Cuba. After moving to Virginia, Antoine took as his wife a slave owned by Purcel. About 1796, the petitioner, his wife, and Purcel moved to Post Vincennes. Antoine states that Purcel then threatened to sell his wife into "some part of the Spanish country" unless Antoine agreed to indenture himself to Purcel for seven and one-half years. As an added inducement, the petitioner states, Purcel promised that Antoine's wife would also be freed at the end of that time. Shortly before the end of the indenture, Antoine discovered that Purcel planned to sell him and his wife to Emanuel Lacey. Antoine agreed to be sold, fearing that if he refused, Purcel "might place him in a worse situation." Lacey purchased Antoine and his wife, took them to New Orleans and sold them as slaves for life. There, Antoine was able to gain an audience with the Spanish governor of Louisiana, who reviewed Antoine's deed of manumission and voided the sale. The couple, "anxious to return" home, then traveled up the Mississippi River with Lacey, who mistreated and abused them until they ran away. Antoine's wife, exhausted and suffering from ill treatment, died. Antoine made his way to Louisville, where he was jailed as a runaway. Davis Floyd, a slave catcher hired by Lacey, took him out of jail and tried to sell him across the Ohio River, but Antoine was too old and too weak to attract any bidders. He was taken back to jail in Louisville where he wrote his petition.

PAR Number 20780404

State: Kentucky Year: 1804
Location: Jefferson Location Type: County

Abstract: Joseph Antoine, also known as Ben, petitions that he was emancipated in Havana, Cuba, then moved to Virginia, where he "took to him a wife a negro woman slave the property of Jona. Purcel." The petitioner, his wife and Purcel moved to Fort St. Vincennes where Antoine was coerced into signing an indenture for seven and a half years, with the promise of freedom for his wife at the end of that period. Shortly before the indenture expired, Purcel told Antoine that the period of indenture was actually fifteen years. Purcel sold Antoine and his wife to Emanuel Lacy who took them to New Orleans and sold them as slaves for life. Antoine and his wife then returned north with Lacy. His wife died, and Antoine was placed in jail for a few days before being handed over to Davis Floyd who is trying to sell him. Antoine asks the court to issue an injunction preventing anyone from selling him until his case can be heard.

PAR Number 20781604

State: Kentucky Year: 1816
Location: Jefferson Location Type: County

Abstract: In March 1815 William Farquar purchased a slave, Patsey, from Adam Mills for $375. Mills asserted that Patsey was "sound, healthy and free from all bodily and mental disease and disability whatsoever." Farquar, however, claims that her character was violent and that she died of a venereal disease in early February 1816. Farquar asks that the sale be set aside and that Mills refund the purchase price with interest and pay him one hundred dollars for Patsey's medical expenses. Since Mills has left the state, Farquar asks that Edward Tyler Sr., a resident of Jefferson County who owes Mills $2,000, be ordered to repay Mills's debt to Farquar out of that sum.

PAR Number 20781705

State: Kentucky Year: 1817
Location: Fayette Location Type: County

Abstract: William Olds states that he and Patrick Watson contracted with Samuel McDowell for the purchase of a family of three slaves for the sum of $700. Subsequently, Olds and Watson divided the slaves, with Olds taking the slave William and giving Watson his note for $160 to be applied towards the $700-debt to McDowell. Although McDowell had assured them the slaves were healthy, William was suffering from a disease "which rendered him of no value," and he died a few months after his purchase. Rather than refunding Olds his note for $160, McDowell has prosecuted him in court. Olds asks the court to suspend further proceedings in that judgment and to grant him relief.

PAR Number 20783209

State: Kentucky Year: 1832
Location: Bourbon Location Type: County

Abstract: In his will, Alexander Henderson stipulated that a slave named Dinah should be freed in 1821 and that all his other slaves should be freed when they reached the age of thirty-two. The petitioner, William Henderson, is Alexander's son and executor of his estate, which has long since been settled. Henderson claims that he has had to support Dinah and the three children she had since she was freed in February 1821, and that it is "too burthensome to be compelled at his own expense to support her." He asks that other legatees be compelled to contribute to her support, each in proportion to the amount of their share of the estate. In his amended bill, he states that Dinah has died, causing him additional expense for her care and burial; he would like the legatees to share in those expenses as well.

PAR Number 20783707

State: Kentucky Year: 1837
Location: Jefferson Location Type: County

Abstract: The petitioners state that Joseph Hite, being infirm and needing care, executed to them a deed of trust in October 1830 for his slaves and personal estate to be administered for his and his son Abraham's benefit. Joseph Hite died in February 1831; Abraham died in March 1836. The petitioners briefly describe their management of the trust, including management of the slaves, and ask the court to "direct a settlement of their accounts as trustees aforesaid, and make them such just and reasonable allowance for their cares trouble & expences" as is fair. Of the eight slaves originally conveyed in 1830, only two remain in 1837. Bett died of small pox around 1830; Alexander died of bilious fever in 1832; William was killed at a "negro dance" in 1836; Keziah was jailed for arson in 1832 and contracted cholera there and was sold; Matilda, due to her "vicious" nature, was sold in 1834; and Dick, an elderly slave, was placed in "the City Alms House," where he died. The slave Ann has had a son named Franklin since the establishment of the trust estate.

PAR Number 20784110

State: Kentucky Year: 1841
Location: Harrison Location Type: County

Abstract: Charles Webster charges that he hired a "negro boy" in 1837 for $60 from Elijah Campland. Webster argues that the boy was sick and unable to be of any service, and he asserts that he returned said slave to Campland shortly thereafter. The petitioner charges that Campland took possession of said slave “with the understanding and agreement that if sd boy’s health should not be speedily restored so that he could be returned to your Orator’s service again, he sd Deft. was to surrender up to your Orator his afsd. note given for the hire of sd boy." Not long after Campland took possession of the boy, the slave died. Having refused to return the note to Webster, the petitioner now seeks an injunction against Campland's "attempt to coerce payment."

PAR Number 20784215

State: Kentucky Year: 1842
Location: Jefferson Location Type: County

Abstract: In 1836 Throckmorton and Everett purchased slaves for $9500 from Thomas W. Fry, now deceased. Fry guaranteed that the slaves were of sound mind and body, but upon delivery the slaves Washington, George, Lavinia, Jordan, and the child of Patty were found to be "unsound" and "affected with the same disease which is called by medical men scrofula." The child of Patty has since died, and Washington and Jordan are expected to soon die. Throckmorton and Everett ask that the administrators of Fry's estate be "injoined & restrained from collecting sd. note for $1000 until a final hearing."

PAR Number 20784305

State: Kentucky Year: 1843
Location: Boyle Location Type: County

Abstract: James McFerren states that he purchased two slaves, a mother and daughter named Eliza and Elizabeth, from William and James Cochran in January 1843. The mother is and, he alleges, must have been gravely ill at the time of the purchase; he expects her death any day. McFerren asks that the Cochrans' property be sold if they are unable to reimburse him his purchase price of $290. He also asks for an injunction to prevent the Cochrans from conveying said property out of the jurisdiction.

PAR Number 20785024

State: Kentucky Year: 1850
Location: Pike Location Type: County

Abstract: James Fulkerson purchased a 24-year-old man named Shade for $500 from Joab Slone In April 1849. Fulkerson charges that Slone made the sale knowing that Shade was chronically ill. Shade died in April 1850, and Fulkerson seeks to attach Slone's "9 or 10/12th" interest in another slave, Sampson.

PAR Number 20785234

State: Kentucky Year: 1852
Location: Warren Location Type: County

Abstract: William Skiles states that Angeline Reese sold to him "a female slave by the name of Statia and her two children one by the name of Sally & the other by the name of Henry" for $815. Skiles charges that Reese made the transaction knowing that the slaves were not sound and healthy. Noting that Sally died in November 1852 and Henry is very ill, the petitioner asks that he be compensated and that the sales contract be set aside and rescinded.

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