Race and Slavery Petitions Project

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PAR Number 10181801

State: Alabama Year: 1818
Location: Unknown Location Type: County

Abstract: Slave owner David Norris seeks to emancipate his slave Nancy, who saved his life when he was about to be killed "by the hostile Indians" in the Missouri Territory.

PAR Number 10182301

State: Alabama Year: 1823
Location: Madison Location Type: County

Abstract: Slave owner William Blake requests that Jacob, a slave he recently emancipated, be permitted to remain in the state. The law required that the Jacob leave Alabama within twelve months. Blake argues, however, that "in consequence of his family which he cannot remove, and in as much as he is an upright and honest man, and a useful machanick," Jacob should be permitted to stay. Blake had previously posted a $1,000 good-behavior bond.

PAR Number 10182601

State: Alabama Year: 1826
Location: Franklin Location Type: County

Abstract: Benjamin Perry requests permission to emancipate his slave, Tom, "said Negro having been a most faithful Industrious and honest Slave and Whereas it is the Desire of your Petitioner that he Shall obtain his freedom as a just reward for his honesty and fidelity."

PAR Number 10182602

State: Alabama Year: 1826
Location: Mobile Location Type: County

Abstract: Basil Chastang seeks to free "certain Slaves to wit Nancy and her four children Gertrude, Francois, Catherine and Fostin."

PAR Number 10182603

State: Alabama Year: 1826
Location: Conecuh Location Type: County

Abstract: Thomas Loyd seeks to emancipate his four slaves--Anna, Nancy, Jane and Martha--because of a request from his mother and because of "services rendered by the said slaves."

PAR Number 10182604

State: Alabama Year: 1826
Location: Limestone Location Type: County

Abstract: In 1820, Moses Kindell executed an instrument of writing whereby he freed his slave Jim. Subsequently, Jim passed as free for a few months prior to Kindell's death. After Kindell's death, however, the administrator of his estate sold Jim to one Robert Elliott, and this in fact that the estate was solvent. Now, a group of Limestone residents, satisfied that is was Kindell's intention to emancipate his slave and declaring Jim to have been "a faithful & honest servant," ask for the latter's manumission.

PAR Number 10182605

State: Alabama Year: 1826
Location: Limestone Location Type: County

Abstract: Free person of color Francis Hamlin purchased his daughter, Susan Locklear, from James Sims of Limestone County. Hamlin seeks to emancipate his daughter, who is married to Thomas Locklear, a free man of color.

PAR Number 10182606

State: Alabama Year: 1826
Location: Lawrence Location Type: County

Abstract: David Leech seeks to emancipate his "Negroe Man Slave named Ned now about twenty one years of age, who is of good moral character + hath served Your Petitioner with great fidelity + attention."

PAR Number 10378501

State: Delaware Year: 1785

Abstract: Two hundred and three Quaker petitioners espouse the evil of slaveholding and entreat the legislature "to take the afflicted Case of the oppressed Negroes in this State under your mature Consideration and grant them such Relief as Justice, Humanity, the common natural Rights of Mankind, and above all the precepts, and Injunctions of the christian Religion require desiring your Minds may be influenced by divine Wisdom for your Direction."

PAR Number 10380702

State: Delaware Year: 1807

Abstract: William Morris, son of the late James Morris of Maryland, states that his father freed his slaves in his will "when they respectively arrived to the age of thirty years." He reports that when he moved to Delaware "he brought with him as his servant or slave, a mulatto boy, one of the slaves directed in the will of his father to be free at thirty years of age." Noting that "the said mulatto boy died a short time since," the petitioner asks that a law be passed "to authorize and empower him to bring into this State and retain as his servant or slave one of the boys belonging” to his father’s estate, “subject nevertheless to all the provisions contained in the will ... and on the express condition that the said boy shall be free when he arrives to the age of thirty years."

PAR Number 10380901

State: Delaware Year: 1809
Location: Kent Location Type: County

Abstract: Zachariah Pritchett represents that "the parents of a certain negro lad named George who had been living as free people for near twenty years, placed their son out to service with your petitioner." He further relates that Ezekiel Anderson approached his father, Major Anderson, a justice of the peace, and "complained that your petitioner had obtained the possession of this negro lad whom the said Ezekiel claimed as his property (altho' free born and never bound to him, until lately the said Ezekiel has prevailed upon him without the knowledge or consent of his parents to bind himself before a justice of the peace).” Pritchett cites that Major Anderson issued a warrant that charged him with harbouring George and alleged that George was a runaway slave; George, whilst working in the field, was seized and delivered to said Ezekiel. The petitioner asks that Major Anderson be dismissed as a Justice of the Peace, on the grounds that he had conducted himself in a "most arbitrary" and oppressive manner and that he had knowingly subverted law and justice; moreover, Pritchett contends, "he is grossly ignorant of his office and of the powers vested in him by the law."

PAR Number 10381606

State: Delaware Year: 1816
Location: Kent Location Type: County

Abstract: Joseph Parsons states that he inherited three slaves from his mother, a resident of Maryland. He represents "that he has set free two of the above mentioned Slaves since he became entitled to them," but he is "desirous to bring the other, a boy about Ten years of age into this State and hold him as a Slave." Parsons prays that an act may be passed "authorizing him to bring the said boy named Thomas into this State and hold him as a Slave."

PAR Number 10382002

State: Delaware Year: 1820
Location: New Castle Location Type: County

Abstract: Forty-six-year-old Andrew Noel recounts that William Hammon brought him to the United States in 1793 from "the Island of St. Domingo" as a slave. He further states that Hammon "manumitted and set at liberty your petitioner" in 1799. Noel, now married with children, represents that he purchased a house and lot in Wilmington for which he "has paid the consideration money." Acknowledging that he "has never been naturalized under the laws of the United States," Noel realizes that "the said property in the event of his death, will not descend to his children, but go to the use of the State of Delaware." The petitioner therefore prays that a law be passed "confirming the title to the said House and lot in him, and authorizing him to sell or devise the same as effectually as he could do, if he were a citizen of the United States, and had been so at the time of the purchase aforesaid."

PAR Number 10382110

State: Delaware Year: 1821
Location: Kent Location Type: County

Abstract: John Cooper states that he is the owner of a three-year-old slave named Aaron, who was born in Maryland and "has resided there ever since." He further reports that he manumitted Aaron's mother Phebe. "Wishing to bring the said Aaron into this State and not being willing to incur the penalty of the laws in such cases," Cooper "prays the General Assembly to pass an act authorizing him to bring into this State the said Negro child Aaron."

PAR Number 10382201

State: Delaware Year: 1822

Abstract: John Reed of Kent County, Delaware, bequeathed to his sons, George and William, a slave named Ruben who was to be freed at age 28. "Being desireous to remove the said Ruben to their place of residence in the State of Maryland," George and William Reed "pray your honourable boy to grant them a Law Authorizeing them to remove their said servant."

PAR Number 10382307

State: Delaware Year: 1823

Abstract: Ann Rothwell of New Castle County, Delaware, "did by her last Will and testament leave her Black people to be free the males when they arrived to the age of thirty years and the females when they should arrive to the age of twenty eight years." She bequeathed to her granddaughters one slave each: nine-year-old Rachel to Martha Eliza Pennington and five-year-old Susan to Phebe H. Pennington. Hyland Pennington of Maryland, father of Martha and Susan, purchased twenty-five-year-old Jeremiah, who was also part of the estate of Ann Rothwell. Being desirous to transport said slaves, the petitioner "prays your Honorable body to pass a Law authorising him to bring into the State of Maryland the aforesaid negroes for the use of his said daughters and himself."

PAR Number 10382404

State: Delaware Year: 1824
Location: Sussex Location Type: County

Abstract: Curtis Jacobs gave the slave Vicy to his daughter as a gift when she married "Doctr. Phelps of Dorcester County in the state of Maryland." Reporting that his daughter has died and "the Doctr. having declined Housekeeping," Jacobs "is desirous of bringing said negro back to his employ in this state, and remain a slave untill the Period of her manumission, being willing to purchase her unexpired time solely for the purpose of retaining her in his Family." Jacobs claims that he "has been in the Habit of emancipating his slaves at certain ages" and that Vicy is "to be free at the age of 34."

PAR Number 10382407

State: Delaware Year: 1824

Abstract: Maryland resident Ennols Breeding requests permission to bring three-year-old John from Sussex County, Delaware, to his home in Caroline County, Maryland. Breeding states that he married Elizabeth Stephens, daughter of the late John Stephens of Sussex County. He further recounts that Elizabeth's mother is the administratrix of her late husband's estate and "being altogether unable to pay your petitioners wifes dividend of her fathers estate without parting with a negro boy named John." The petitioner asks for authorization "to remove from this state into the state of Maryland the affsd boy John and hold him as a slave untill he shall arive to the age of thirty four years."

PAR Number 10382424

State: Delaware Year: 1824
Location: New Castle Location Type: County

Abstract: Samuel Hyatt Jr., engaged "in the business of making and repairing pumps," lives in New Castle County, Delaware, and is "the owner of a certain manumitted Man Slave, named Jeremiah," who assists him in his business. Hyatt states that he "is often called on and employed by persons living out of this State to do work ... and that your petitioner is frequently put to great inconvenience for want of the services of the said Jeremiah to assist your petitioner when he has work out of the State." He therefore prays that a law be passed "authorizing him to take the said Jeremiah out of the State whenever your petitioner has occasion to do so."

PAR Number 10382508

State: Delaware Year: 1825
Location: New Castle Location Type: County

Abstract: Delaware resident Samuel Johnson states that he purchased twenty-two-year-old William from his son-in-law, a resident of Maryland. Johnson states that William is to be freed in five years and that he prefers to move William to Delaware rather than "sell said slave in Maryland for fear he might fall into hands which will deprive him of the freedom to which he will be entitled at the expiration of five years." He therefore asks that he be authorized "to bring said negro into this State and here to hold him as the slave of your petitioner ... until said negro shall arrive to the age of twenty seven years."

PAR Number 10382609

State: Delaware Year: 1826
Location: Kent Location Type: County

Abstract: Isaac Davis owns three "manumitted" slaves and holds the indenture on a free black apprentice; they work on his farm in Cecil County, Maryland. Davis also owns a farm in Kent County, Delaware, and is "extensively engaged in agricultural pursuits" in both states; he has three black indentured servants--Charles Carpenter, Mitchel Davis, and John Davis--working his land in Kent County. Davis seeks exemption from the Delaware law designed to prevent the importation and exportation of slaves and asks permission for his slaves to plant and harvest his crops in both states. He attests that he is "no slaveholder except as he occasionally buys and manumits them by which their eventual freedom is secured, And that the sole object of this petition is to enable him to avail himself of the reasonable labour of said slaves (so called) and apprentices in his own employment."

PAR Number 10382611

State: Delaware Year: 1826
Location: New Castle Location Type: County

Abstract: Peregrine Hendrickson states that he is "possessed" of a fifty-three-year-old slave named Nelly and four "manumitted Negroes" who are "to be free at the age of 30 years agreeable to a deed of manumission recorded in ... Kent County Maryland." He therefore prays that a law be passed "to authorize him to bring said slave & manumitted Negroes into the state of Delaware."

PAR Number 10382612

State: Delaware Year: 1826
Location: Kent Location Type: County

Abstract: Joel Clements owns the slave Jefferson, who resides in Maryland. He seeks exemption from the Delaware law designed to prevent the importation and exportation of slaves and asks permission to bring Jefferson into Delaware. Clements promises to free Jefferson on 1 January 1833, "when your petitioner agrees that the said slave shall be free and entitled to all the privileges and immunities of free negroes and mulattoes of the State of Delaware, the said negro Jefferson being at present a slave for life."

PAR Number 10382613

State: Delaware Year: 1826

Abstract: Richard Lockwood of Cecil County, Maryland, having purchased seven-year-old Perry and thirteen-year-old Terry in Delaware, seeks exemption from the Delaware law designed to prevent the importation and exportation of slaves. Lockwood therefore “prays your Honorable Body to pass an act granting him authority to remove the said negroes into the State of Maryland.” Thirteen-year-old Terry is a “manumitted servant” to be freed in the future.

PAR Number 10382616

State: Delaware Year: 1826

Abstract: O. Horsey informs the legislature that he resides two-thirds of the year in Maryland and one-third of the time in Delaware. He further states that "some of his domestic servants are slaves and some are the children of manumitted slaves, born before the term of service expired and the females and mails respectively under the ages of twenty one & twenty five." Horsey prays that an act be passed "to enable him to remove into and out of the state his domestic servants afsd for the better accommodation of himself and family and for no other purpose."

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