Race and Slavery Petitions Project

Search Results

Your subject search returned 116 total results.

Displaying 25 results per page.

PAR Number 10381803

State: Delaware Year: 1818
Location: New Castle Location Type: County

Abstract: In 1816, the Delaware legislature granted Dr. Thomas Handy permission to transport the slave Violet, owned Hugh Henry, from Maryland into Delaware. Handy had hired his slave Chloe to Henry, a Maryland resident, in return for the use of Violet. Before Handy moved to Delaware with Violet, Henry died, nullifying the arrangement. Handy now seeks exemption from a Delaware law designed to prevent the importation and exportation of slaves and asks permission to bring Chloe and her children into Delaware instead of Violet.

PAR Number 11681504

State: Virginia Year: 1815
Location: Greenbrier Location Type: County

Abstract: Frances Hudson, a Louisiana man, bought on credit a number of slaves from Hugh and James McLaughlin, but failed to meet his payment schedule. To discharge the debt, the McLaughlins took "sundry negroes" from Hudson, and sold them in Kentucky. There was, however, a problem with the title for one of the slaves, Moses, who is of "peculiar Value in consequence of being an excellent house servant." The McLaughlins brought Moses back to Virginia, and ask that they be allowed to keep him without incurring any penalty for the importation of slaves into the state.

PAR Number 20182801

State: Alabama Year: 1828
Location: Bibb Location Type: County

Abstract: Civill Kornegay, age sixty-three, asks the court to remove her brother, Daniel, as trustee of her property and appoint her son, Barney Kornegay, to replace him. She states that when she married John Kornegay in 1782, her father, George Kornegay, refused to give the couple any property because of John's drinking and dissipated habits. Although he would lend them a slave named Easter from time to time, George Kornegay would take Easter back on a regular basis to emphasize that he remained her owner. In George's will dated 1808, Civill and John inherited "Easter and all her children and one boy named Jack during my life: & then my will & desire is that said negroes be under the care of my son Daniel and the profits arising from them be applied to the support of the said Sivill during her life and after her decease the whole of said negroes to be equally divided among her children." Some two years after George's death, Civill and John moved from North Carolina to Tennessee. Daniel, the trustee, refused to permit the slaves to be moved from North Carolina until John Ward, John Kornegay's brother-in-law, agreed to assume responsibility for the slaves. In 1819, Civill and her family moved to Bibb County, Alabama, where her husband died intestate in 1823. She charges that some eight to ten years before, her husband sold the slaves to John Ward without her authorization, though both men knew he had no right to do so. Civill states that she is "in great need of the property" but that Daniel "refuses to interpose his authority as a Trustee" on her behalf. Therefore, Civill seeks to remove her brother, Daniel Kornegay, as trustee and replace him with her son, Barney Kornegay.

PAR Number 20183704

State: Alabama Year: 1837
Location: Chambers Location Type: County

Abstract: The heirs of Polly Johnson state that Johnson, a feme sole, and John Cotton "lived together in a state of adultery and passed as man and wife without ever having been legally married," from 1807 until 1834 or 1835 when she died, intestate. They claim that, at the time of her death, she possessed ten slaves, worth seven thousand dollars. The slaves and the rest of the estate are now in the possession of Cotton, who pretends to have been legally married to Johnson. The petitioners assert that Johnson would have wanted the slaves and property equally divided among all her children; Cotton, however, refuses to comply with their demand. The petitioners, therefore, ask the court to prohibit Cotton from selling any slaves or property and to recognize their rightful inheritance. In his answer, Cotton asserts that he was legally married to Polly Johnson in Wayne County, North Carolina, where his father Ephraim Cotton resided. He charges, however, that the petitioners are illegitimate children, born to Polly Johnson out of wedlock before she and he were married.

PAR Number 20183808

State: Alabama Year: 1838
Location: Bibb Location Type: County

Abstract: Richard Wood seeks his share of the estate bequeathed to him by his maternal grandfather, William Davis. In his 1821 will, Davis devised to the children of his daughter, Sally Wood, "the following named property to wit one negro fellow named Bob and one girl named Hannah together with the increase of the Said Hannah." After Sally died, the petitioner's father, Joseph Wood, obtained possession of the slaves bequeathed to her children. Since Davis's death, Hannah has had three little boys, the oldest of whom is eight. Wood estimates the annual hiring proceeds of these slaves to be between three and four hundred dollars. And he charges that his father has used funds from the estate to buy another slave named Hannah and her two children, Bill and Milly. He has also traded Bob for another slave named Joe. Since her purchase, Milly "has had three children the oldest being as he believes some five years old." Richard sought a settlement share of $3,116 from Wood and the estate executors, but they countered with $500, a sum he deems unacceptable. Thus he petitions the court to divide up the estate, selling the slaves if necessary, so that he may have his rightful portion.

PAR Number 20184308

State: Alabama Year: 1843
Location: Sumter Location Type: County

Abstract: Nathaniel Waldrip, grandson of George Grizzle, is petitioning for his share of slaves left by Grizzle in trust to his son-in-law Hillen Waldrip for the use and benefit of three grandchildren. The slaves included John, age eighteen, Matilda, age twenty or twenty-one, Osbourn, about two, and Leer, a girl about twenty months, as well as the future increase of the females. When the grandchildren reached twenty-one they were each to receive a share of the property. Grizzle also gave his granddaughter Sarah Ann a slave named Catherine, age fifteen, in the same trust. Following the deaths of Grizzle, of his daughter Sophia, wife of Hillen Waldrip, and of his granddaughter Sarah Ann, Hillen Waldrip sold Osbourn for $575, swapped Matilda and her two children for a slave named William plus two hundred dollars, and sold Leer for seven hundred dollars. In 1843, Nathaniel reached age twenty-one, and demanded his share of the property. Hillen refused and Nathaniel is suing for a division of the remaining slaves: John, Catherine and her three children Viney, Martha and Hillen, Matilda's children Jefferson and Elizabeth, and William.

PAR Number 20184512

State: Alabama Year: 1845
Location: Lowndes Location Type: County

Abstract: Prior to their marriage in Newberry District, South Carolina, in 1819, Ruth and Sterling Balderee signed a contract granting Ruth control of her separate estate. She possessed a large amount of property, including slaves, while Sterling was "totally destitute." In her bill of complaint, Ruth explains that her husband is not only intemperate, vulgar, and tyrannical, but often beats and whips her and on one occasion hit her with a weapon so hard on the skull that the wound still remains "painful and distressing." Driven from their home by her husband's behavior, Ruth seeks the return of her property, which includes twenty-four slaves, twelve of whom are now in Sterling's possession and claimed by him as his own. She also seeks a divorce and "comfortable support and maintenance."

PAR Number 20184816

State: Alabama Year: 1848
Location: Marengo Location Type: County

Abstract: In 1843, Samuel Davis of Virginia gave his daughter Emily Moore of Marengo County, Alabama, three slaves for her own separate use. In 1845, Emily swapped one of her slaves for a woman named Silvy who was worth about six hundred dollars. In 1846, however, Silvy was taken from Emily without the latter's knowledge and consent. She has now discovered that Silvy is in Mobile in the possession of a man named William B. Harwood, and claimed to be "owned" by David and Mary Ann McCloud, and Nicholas Schroder, who produced a deed signed by Emily's husband Joseph Moore. Emily seeks a return of her property.

PAR Number 20185503

State: Alabama Year: 1855
Location: Mobile Location Type: County

Abstract: In 1844, Samuel Strudwick of Marengo County and Frederick P. Ravesies conveyed to John T. Lomax, in trust for the "sole and separate use" of Isabella Ravesies and her children three slaves: Jane, age sixteen, Cynthia, age thirty-five, and Paul. Isabella is Samuel Strudwick's daughter and Frederick P. Ravesies's wife. Lomax was given the power to "exchange said negroes or any of them for other property." In 1849, Strudwick conveyed in like manner "a negro woman named Winney" about thirty-eight years old. With Isabella's consent, Lomax exchanged Cynthia for the slave Leah and her child Harriet, and conducted other business as trustee. Now he has moved to Marengo County, and is unable to discharge his duties "without incurring such trouble, Expense and responsibility as he is unwilling to incur." He asks to be discharged from his duties.

PAR Number 20185534

State: Alabama Year: 1855
Location: Tallapoosa Location Type: County

Abstract: In 1846, slave owner John Goldsmith died, bequeathing his daughter Mary Ann "one Negro woman by the name of Mariah, also one Negro by the name of Ned." In his will, written before Mary Ann's marriage to John W. Spears in 1845, John Goldsmith had specifically stated, although perhaps not in the proper legal terms, that his bequest was for the "sole and separate use" of Mary Ann and her future children, thus protecting them from any debt of a future husband. In 1855, Mary Ann Goldsmith, now married to John W. Spears, complains that her husband's creditors have levied executions against Mariah and her four children--Bailey, a boy about seven, Lija a boy about six, Peter age have been taken by the sheriff and advertised to be sold. Mary Ann informs the court that her husband's financial difficulties makes him unfit to act as trustee for her property, and she requests an injunction to prevent the sale of her slaves.

PAR Number 20381502

State: Delaware Year: 1815
Location: Kent Location Type: County

Abstract: Peter Sorden, a man of color, states that the widow of Thomas Primrose holds him as a slave. Apprehending that he is "entitled to his freedom by the laws of this State," Sorden asks that Primrose be summoned "to answer the complaint of your petitioner."

PAR Number 20381810

State: Delaware Year: 1818
Location: Sussex Location Type: County

Abstract: Hannah West and her minor daughter Sarah claim that they are being illegally held as slaves by James Jones and Job Ingram, "their pretended masters." Apprehending that "they respectively are entitled to their freedom," they pray the defendants be summoned "to answer the said complaint."

PAR Number 20584908

State: Florida Year: 1849
Location: Marion Location Type: County

Abstract: Robert Piles, the brother-in-law of Frances M. Piles, conveyed a slave named Charles "in Trust for the sole use and benefit of your oratrix Francis M Piles." In 1842, James Piles, without his wife's or her trustee's permission, traded Charles to Arthur Burney for Burney's slave Robert; Piles executed a note to Burney for fifty dollars to account for the difference in values of the two slaves. A week later Frances returned Robert to Burney and demanded that he relinquish Charles. Burney refused. In 1846, the Pileses acquired a writ of replevin against Burney and regained custody of Charles. In 1848, the court awarded Charles to Burney and the Pileses objected, claiming that their attorney was negligent and unprepared when the case was heard. The Pileses have instituted an act of trover against Burney to regain Charles, and Burney has responded by suing the estate of Frances Piles for compensation for the two years that Charles was not in his possession. Moody and the Pileses seek an injunction to stop Burney's proceedings against Piles's estate until settlement of Moody's suit to recover Charles from Burney's possession.

PAR Number 20680706

State: Georgia Year: 1807
Location: Greene Location Type: County

Abstract: James Huling bargained his female slave named Mary for Wingfield Shropshire's female slave named Chloe. Huling claims that Chloe was sold to him as being thirty-two years of age and sound of mind and body. He alleges, however, that Shropshire is guilty of trying to deceive him, as he knew full well at the time of the sale that Chloe was in fact "unsound in her intellect" and weak in her body. Chloe turned out to be "of no value" to Huling, who contends he has incurred $550 in damages. He sues Shropshire for this amount.

PAR Number 20681212

State: Georgia Year: 1812
Location: Wilkes Location Type: County

Abstract: John Moss was the owner of a slave named Collin, deemed $600 in value. The defendant, Raphael Wheeler, owned a slave named Ben, whom he described as being twenty-six years of age, "a faithfull Negroe," a brick layor and a "Carpinter" who "could also make shoes" and be hired out for $250 a year. Wheeler convinced Moss "to Exchange Negroes with him." Moss discovered after the exchange that Ben was "addicted to running away" and that he did not possess the skills that Wheeler promised. According to Moss, Ben also turned out to be closer to forty than twenty-six. Moss states that he was unable to hire Ben out because he "was worth nothing." Thus, Moss claims fraud and sues for $600 in damages.

PAR Number 20681610

State: Georgia Year: 1816
Location: Emanuel Location Type: County

Abstract: Edward Freeman alleges that William Hines has damaged him to "the sum of one thousand dollars." Freeman owned a slave named Simon, valued at $600, and Hines owned a slave named Kizia or Kiz. Hines claimed that Kizia "had been a sound and healthy wench," and they made a bargain whereby Hines gave Freeman $107 and Kizia in exchange for Simon. However, Kizia suffered from "a certain disease called spasms or convulsion fits which rendered said negro woman unsound and unable to perform any labour and thereby became an expense to your Petitioner and also continued to languish and Languishingly did live untill she died of the fits aforesaid." Freeman sues for $1,000 damages.

PAR Number 20682809

State: Georgia Year: 1828
Location: Richmond Location Type: County

Abstract: Leah Simons, trustee for one of her children, informs the court that she "wishes to Exchange" the slave held by said child "for a woman and child and therefore prays the Court to grant her and order to make the exchange desired."

PAR Number 20683307

State: Georgia Year: 1833
Location: Tattnall Location Type: County

Abstract: Turby Thomas is the administrator of the estates of his late wife, Catharine, and her late brother, Nathaniel Gause. They were the children of Needham and Martha Gause. After Needham's death, Martha managed her late husband's estate on behalf of herself and her minor children, and as a result, had possession of numerous family slaves. Martha Gause has now married Allen Johnson. Thomas states that some of the slaves still held and hired out by Martha Johnson were actually held in trust for Catharine and Nathaniel and that by law Martha should relinquish them. The Johnsons refuse. Thomas asks that the estate be inventoried, and that he receive a just settlement.

PAR Number 20684602

State: Georgia Year: 1846
Location: Richmond Location Type: County

Abstract: John and Henrietta Raiden state that a slave, Eliza, was conveyed by Hezekiah Grubbs to Leah Simons in trust for his then seven-year-old daughter, Henrietta. Later, Simons, with Henrietta's consent, traded the slave for two other slaves, Let and her son, Washington. Henrietta has now married John Raiden, and they have asked Simons to give them the slaves and any money earned by their hire. Simons refused. The Raidens seek possession of Let, Washington and Let's second child, Martha.

PAR Number 20684707

State: Georgia Year: 1847
Location: Richmond Location Type: County

Abstract: The last will and testament of David Bowers bequeathed land and slaves to his daughter, Sarah Newhouse, formerly Sarah Dunbar, in trust to Jesse Kent. Newhouse avers that Kent has recently failed to act as trustee and she believes that he wishes to resign his position. She seeks the appointment of her son, Barney S. Dunbar, as trustee.

PAR Number 20685203

State: Georgia Year: 1852
Location: Richmond Location Type: County

Abstract: William Averet and his wife, Elizabeth, wished to sell their slave, Stephen, because "said Boy Stephen was not of as much value or service to them as a negro woman would be as they were not able to control and manage him." George Schley agreed to trade his slave, Rose, and her child, Margaret, for Stephen and $150. After the exchange, Schley discovered that the slave, Stephen, was conveyed to Averet in trust for his wife for her sole use and benefit. The deed of gift rendered the sale null and void. Schley asks that an exchange may be made whereby he is issued a perfect title to Stephen.

PAR Number 20685508

State: Georgia Year: 1855
Location: Floyd Location Type: County

Abstract: Caroline J. Pearce "sheweth that the sixth day of January Eighteen Hundred and fifty two, her Father Joseph G. Blance, Executed and delivered a deed of trust to Allen A. Williams." Williams has since "moved to parts unknown" and the trust "is now without any legal Trustee or Representative." The trust includes two slaves, Lucy and her child, Thomas. Pearce suggests that the court appoint Shepherd W. Blance as her new trustee.

PAR Number 20779402

State: Kentucky Year: 1794
Location: Woodford Location Type: County

Abstract: Henry Lee asks the court to render "null and void" a contract between himself and Edmund Vaughan. Lee purchased a slave named York, a carpenter, from William Samuel, but the slave was in the possession of said Vaughan. When Lee arrived to take possession of York, Vaughan told Lee that York refused to leave as the slave had a wife in Vaughan's family. Instead, Vaughn offered to give Lee a young slave named Jesse and thirty pounds in exchange for York, warranting Jesse to be sound and healthy. Lee agreed but soon discovered that Jesse had a "deficiency in his right arm" and that he was "subject to fits." Having failed to persuade Vaughan to cancel the transaction, Lee's suit asks that Vaughan answer his allegations in detail, that the sale be rendered null and void, and that Vaughan take back Jesse and deliver York to him.

PAR Number 20781906

State: Kentucky Year: 1819
Location: Barren Location Type: County

Abstract: John Roads purchased two slaves, Milly and her daughter Sylvia, from Simeon Buford in order to keep them nearby, since one of his own slaves "claimed this woman Milly as his wife." "Moved by these considerations and his feelings of humanity towards said slaves," Roads was willing to pay more than he thought a fair price: $550 plus one of his own slaves, Malinda, in exchange. At the time of the sale, Buford represented Milly and Sylvia to be "sound healthy property free from all defects or blemishes." After the purchase, however, Roads discovered that Milly was "unsound and unhealthy and lingering under various and divers complaints." Roads complains that Milly "has been sick and useless [and] has not been worth her food and support." Buford has now transferred Roads's note for $550 to William Waldon, who has "commenced suit thereon," and Roads requests that Waldon be restrained by the court from collecting on the note and that he be compensated compensation for his expenses in taking care of Milly during her illness.

PAR Number 20782609

State: Kentucky Year: 1826
Location: Jefferson Location Type: County

Abstract: To secure his sister Sarah Shipman's maintenance, James Bradshaw executed a deed of trust for five slaves and appointed Abraham Long as trustee. Shipman was to "enjoy use and to have the benefit of sd. slaves during her natural life." As trustee, Long was authorized to sell one or two of the slaves, but only in order to purchase land or a residence for Shipman. Shipman claims that Long exchanged the slave Lorie for another slave, receiving $50 as the difference in their value, and that he sold Mary and Patsey, but that he kept all these profits for his own use. She charges that Long and the remaining slaves are now in Louisville, and that he intends to "carry them away or dispose of them so as utterly to defeat the purpose of the Trust." Shipman asks that the slaves be returned to her or another person appointed by the court unless Long posts bond, that he be compelled to account for the proceeds from the slaves' hire, and that another trustee be appointed to replace him.

Next 25 Results