Race and Slavery Petitions Project

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PAR Number 10380701

State: Delaware Year: 1807
Location: Kent Location Type: County

Abstract: Thomas Carey requests compensation for the expenses he incurred capturing and imprisoning George Parker, a black man charged with the rape of Hannah Bramble. Carey states that he searched in Philadelphia and throughout Pennsylvania and Delaware for the accused and traded a horse worth $60 for information about Parker's exact hiding place. He captured Parker near Frederica, Delaware, in Kent County and lodged him in the local jail. Carey "relying on that zeal for the due execution of Justice and prevention of crimes of so wicked a nature" prays that "he may by Law be reimbursed the value of his Said Horse with his costs and charges, and allowed Such compensation for his trouble in bringing the Said Negro George to Justice, as to your Honors may seem equitable and right."

PAR Number 10380703

State: Delaware Year: 1807
Location: Kent Location Type: County

Abstract: Sixteen petitioners urge the legislature to grant the prayer of Thomas Carey, who sought compensation for the expenses incurred in his capture of George Parker, a black man charged with the rape of Hannah Bramble.

PAR Number 10384702

State: Delaware Year: 1847
Location: New Castle Location Type: County

Abstract: Nathaniel Wolfe laments that his "indented servant by the name of Elias Handy, negro," was indicted and convicted of rape and "was sentenced to be sold to highest bidder for a term of 14 years." Wolfe represents that "a certain O. Holmes of Florida" purchased said Handy for $158. Citing that he "has lost the services of said negro Boy," the petitioner prays that a law be passed "directing the state Treasurer to pay to him the balance of the said one hundred and fifty eight Dollars, after deducting all costs and expenses."

PAR Number 10586301

State: Florida Year: 1863
Location: Madison Location Type: County

Abstract: Owned by Rufus Dickinson, "a good and Loyal citizen of the Confederate States," the slave Ferd was charged in 1863 with rape. Ferd was tried, convicted, and executed, and Dickinson asks for compensation.

PAR Number 11085401

State: Mississippi Year: 1854
Location: Pike Location Type: County

Abstract: Robert Bacot asks for reimbursement of $50 paid to slave catcher Isaac Brumfield for the apprehension of an escaped prisoner, a slave named Green who was charged with the attempted rape of a white woman. Bacot informs the court that the escape was not due to any failure of duty on his part.

PAR Number 11085901

State: Mississippi Year: 1859

Abstract: In the summer of 1858, a slave named Peter, owned by Dr. E. A. Miller of Wayne County, was employed on the railroad near the town of Enterprise. The petitioners claim that Peter "caught and by force violated the person of a beautiful young Lady by Committing a Rape." Captured the same day, he was jailed and tried within twenty-four hours. In the presence of the young woman and her parents, Peter was tried and found guilty by a jury sitting in magistrate court. That night he was taken from jail by a mob and hanged. A committee of five townspeople seeks compensation for Miller for the loss of his property.

PAR Number 11282303

State: North Carolina Year: 1823
Location: Onslow Location Type: County

Abstract: William L. Hill, Colonel of the Onslow Militia, seeks compensation for his men who "were in regular Service for the space of Twenty six days in the months of August and September, a busy and unhealthy season of the year." Hill explains that "During the Summer of 1821 an insurrection broke out among a number of outlawed and runaway slaves and free negroes in said County." He exclaims that "an universal panic pervaded the county" as the band had "ravaged farms, burnt houses and ravished a number of females." In response, Hill took measures to restore "public safety" by activating the militia to pursue the well armed "daring, cunning and desperate slaves," who "had long defied the Civil authority." Hill further relates that his men's efforts to suppress the said insurrection exposed them "to every privation and inclemency of the weather, in exploring woods, swamps, & marshes." Noting that the men "have never received their pay agreeably to said act of Assembly," the petitioner prays "your Honorable body to direct the same by resolution."

PAR Number 11379403

State: South Carolina Year: 1794
Location: Marlborough Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Thomas Bingham represents that in 1776 "a negro man slave named Toney the property of your petitioner was tried and executed agreeable to Law for Commiting a rape on the body of a white woman." Bingham further asserts that "a certificate of his appraisment and Execution were placed in the hands of Gen Tristram Thomas to return to the Auditors office but he unfortunately lost the Same." The petitioner therefore prays that his case be considered and that he be granted "such relief as in your Wisdom shall seem meet."

PAR Number 11379404

State: South Carolina Year: 1794
Location: Marlborough Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Thomas Bingham represents that in 1776 "a negroe fellow slave named Toney the property of your petitioner was tried & Executed agreable to Law for Commiting a rape on the body of a white woman." Bingham further asserts that "a Certificate of his Appraisment and Execution were placed in the hands of Genl Tristram Thomas to return to the auditors office but He unfortunately lost the Same." The petitioner therefore prays that his case be considered and that he be granted "such relief as in your Wisdom shall seem meet."

PAR Number 11380016

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: York Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Robert Murphy, "a guard" under Constable William Moore, represents that he was called upon to apprehend "a certain negro man named Joe, the property of a Robert Ash." He states that said Joe had been charged with "an Assault & Battery with an Intent of Ravishment" on a white woman in the neighborhood. Murphy recounts that he pursued Joe and "found him at the Negro House of a Certain Mrs. Cally" and that Joe "did not surrender himself" and instead "fled & was killed." Murphy, having been sued by Ash and fined $124 in damages, prays the legislature to grant "such relief as to your wisdom shall seem meet."

PAR Number 11380019

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: York Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Robert Murphy, "a guard" under Constable William Moore, represents that he was called upon to apprehend "a certain negro man named Joe, the property of a Robert Ash." He states that said Joe had been charged with "an Assault & Battery with an Intent of Ravishment" on a white woman in the neighborhood. Murphy recounts that he pursued Joe and "found him at the Negro House of a Certain Mrs. Cally" and that Joe "did not surrender himself" and instead "fled & was killed." Murphy, having been sued by Ash and fined $124 in damages, prays the legislature to grant "such relief as to your wisdom shall seem meet."

PAR Number 11381515

State: South Carolina Year: 1815
Location: Sumter Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Robert McFaddin seeks compensation for his slave, Sharper, who was convicted of rape but died in jail previous to "the time assigned for his execution." McFaddin, thusly "deprived of a Valuable property," prays that he be granted "such compensation in the premises as you will in your wisdom seem Just and equitable."

PAR Number 11381802

State: South Carolina Year: 1818
Location: Greenville Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Archibald Lester joins fourteen other subscribers in seeking payment of a surgeon’s fee. He reports that "a negro man slave" of his was arrested and "charged with a crime of a most [heinous] nature" and that he delivered said slave into the sheriff's custody "to be dealt with by his Country." Lester states that the Court "thought proper from reasons set forth in their certificates to commute the punishment for which cause a surgeon was employed to perform the operation & Inflict the punishment denounced by the Court.” Of the opinion that "the public" should bear responsibility for paying the surgeon's fee, the petitioner prays that a "provision" be made for the discharge of said debt.

PAR Number 11382319

State: South Carolina Year: 1823
Location: Lexington Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: George Haltiwanger, sheriff of the Lexington District, seeks compensation for "dieting" Peter, a slave tried in August 1823 "for Burglary with an intent to commit a rape and was Sentenced to corporal punishment imprisonment and to be transported beyond the limits of this State in thirty days." The sheriff reports, however, that Peter remained in jail until December when his "transportation was respited & his imprisonment remmitted by his Excellency the Governor of the State of South Carolina." Haltiwanger therefore asks that he be granted "the usual Compensation allowed by Law for Dieting negroes." His "account for Dieting the within mentioned negro" came to $27.50, or twenty-five cents a day for one hundred and ten days; he also listed a fifty-three-cent-fee for "Committing & Releasing" the said Peter.

PAR Number 11382409

State: South Carolina Year: 1824
Location: York Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Susannah Thatcher states that "some time in March last a rape was committed on her by a negro man named Jessee the property of J L Boyd, which negro was tried & convicted & punished with death." She further asserts that the Court of Magistrates and Freeholders ordered that one-half of the slave's value be paid to her. Thatcher therefore prays "the payment thereof by your Honbl Body."

PAR Number 11382605

State: South Carolina Year: 1826
Location: Edgefield Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Dr. Edward B. Hibbler represents that "a negro man of your petitioner was condemned to be executed; and your petitioner further sheweth that the sentence of the Court has been carryed into effect." He therefore prays "to be paid the Sum usually allowed in such cases." Hibbler's slave Hampton was convicted and executed for "committing a rape."

PAR Number 11382613

State: South Carolina Year: 1826
Location: York Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: James L. Boyd represents "that in May 1826, negro man named Jessee, the property of your petitioner was charged with a rape on the body of Susannah Hatcher, for which he was tried, convicted & Executed.” Boyd therefore prays "that such a sum of money maybe allow’d to him as by Law he is entitled to."

PAR Number 11383002

State: South Carolina Year: 1830
Location: Lexington Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Michael Sulton represents that he was "the owner of a negro man named June who was charged with the crime of Rape on a white woman." He further states that said slave was "found guilty of said charge & sentence of Death pronounced on him." Noting that "June was executed on the 15th of January 1830," Sulton prays that he be allowed "such compensation as your honorable body may deem meet." The court "appraised and Valued" June at $122.45.

PAR Number 11384503

State: South Carolina Year: 1845
Location: Abbeville Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Joseph Burton seeks compensation for a slave, Abel, who was convicted of "the offence of a Rape on a white Girl by the name of Susan Fife." Burton states that "in pursuance of said sentence he was hung till he was dead, whereby your Petitioner has entirely lost his said slave."

PAR Number 11385001

State: South Carolina Year: 1850
Location: York Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: J. D. Goore seeks compensation for his slave Lewis, who was convicted and hanged for assaulting a white woman, Malinda Pollard, with intent to commit rape. Lewis was tried before a Court of Magistrates and Freeholders on 26 July 1850 and executed 22 August 1850. He was “appraised & valued ... at the sum of two hundred dollars.”

PAR Number 11385002

State: South Carolina Year: 1850
Location: Barnwell Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Samuel Page seeks compensation for a slave, John, who was convicted and hanged "for having committed an assault and battery on a white female with intent to commit a rape"; the Court of Magistrates and Freeholders valued the slave at two hundred dollars. At the trial, Margaret Myer testified that a man stepped behind her about dusk, pulled her bonnet over her face, and "tried to smother me with his hand." Margaret's sister, R. J. Myer, yelled for their father and kicked the assailant with her thick shoes. She testified that the said John "then struck me and called me a devil." R. J. further states that the man "did not interfere with her [sister’s] dress, have no ideas from his motions what were his intentions -- I saw no attempt either by word or action to commit the deed of which he is accused."

PAR Number 11482906

State: Tennessee Year: 1829
Location: Smith Location Type: County

Abstract: One hundred seventy-four Smith County residents petition in behalf of Capt. Edward Settles, a veteran of the American Revolution whose slave Daniel was executed in 1825 for committing a rape. The petitioners reveal that said Daniel "was the principal reliance of said Settles for a support and unless he receives some compensation from the State, he will be left destitute in his old age." They therefore "humbly pray that such relief may be granted him by your ... body as may be considered due to a warworn, worthy, destitute old man, whose principal means of support have been taken from him by a State prosecution."

PAR Number 11482907

State: Tennessee Year: 1829
Location: Smith Location Type: County

Abstract: Twenty-seven Smith County residents petition in behalf of Capt. Edward Settles, a veteran of the American Revolution whose slave Daniel was executed in 1825 for committing a rape. The petitioners reveal that said Daniel "was the principal reliance of said Settles for a support and unless he receives some compensation from the State, he will be left destitute in his old age." They therefore "humbly pray that such relief may be granted him by your ... body as may be considered due to a warworn, worthy, destitute old man, whose principal means of support have been taken from him by a State prosecution."

PAR Number 11482908

State: Tennessee Year: 1829
Location: Smith Location Type: County

Abstract: One hundred thirty-one Smith County residents petition in behalf of Capt. Edward Settles, a veteran of the American Revolution whose slave Daniel was executed in 1825 for committing a rape. The petitioners reveal that said Daniel "was the principal reliance of said Settles for a support and unless he receives some compensation from the State, he will be left destitute in his old age." They therefore "humbly pray that such relief may be granted him by your ... body as may be considered due to a warworn, worthy, destitute old man, whose principal means of support have been taken from him by a State prosecution."

PAR Number 11585501

State: Texas Year: 1855
Location: Harrison Location Type: County

Abstract: Ann Matilda Mason joins her husband Joseph in seeking compensation for her twenty-two-year-old slave named Jim, who "was shot in ... jail while in the custody of [the] sheriff." The Masons recount that the sheriff seized Jim "on a charge of Rape" and that he was "indicted for said crime of Rape." They further represent, however, that "before said negro Jim was tried on the charge in the indictment and proceedings mentioned said negro Jim was shot" and died immediately thereafter. The petitioners "insist that the property of the citizens should be protected while in the hands of the officers and agents of the State on a charge of having committed crime and if by neglect or otherwise the property is destroyed before the guilt is proved the Justice of the State may be addressed to obtain remuneration for the loss." They therefore "hope and believe that you will pass an act giving to said Ann Matilda the value of said negro Jim."

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