Race and Slavery Petitions Project

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PAR Number 11379701

State: South Carolina Year: 1797

Abstract: Malachi Ford asserts that Wherriett Lewis in 1795 "did in a most wanton and barbarous manner shoot and wound a valuable Negro Man the property of yr Petitioner" and that the slave "in a few days died" to his "great loss and injury." Ford reports that said Lewis "was convicted and fin'd in the sum of Fifty Pounds which he with difficulty (being poor) paid" and that, "in Justice to himself," he sued for damages and won a judgment of one hundred and fifty pounds. The petitioner avers that Lewis is too poor to pay said judgment and that his only recourse would be "to arrest and confine him in Gaol" whereupon his jail fees would only add to Lewis's debt and still not result in any payment to himself. Ford further notes that such a course of action "would tend to deprive the Family of the Culprit for a time of their only means of support." The petitioner therefore asks that "yr. Honble. House will take his case into yr. consideration and direct that the Sum of Fifty Pounds as aforesaid be paid" to him "as a small or partial Indemnification for his Loss."

PAR Number 11379702

State: South Carolina Year: 1797
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Susanna St. John of St. James Parish seeks compensation for the slave Titus. She recounts that her husband, Dr. Stephen St. John, purchased Titus in 1785 and “gave his Bond for ₤67.” Susanna further states that "the said Negro Titus was found Guilty of being accessory (or principal) to the Death of your Petitioners Husband, and was Executed accordingly." Revealing that Titus was valued at £70 Sterling, the petitioner "(as the Estate of the Deceased is insolvent) prays a remission of the Debt."

PAR Number 11380003

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: Colleton Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Major Brown, the widow of Joseph Chandler Brown, laments that her husband "was killed on the spot" by the gunfire of "a gang of runaway negroes, the property of divers persons not living in that neighbourhood; and who infested that part of the country, then very thinly inhabited by white inhabitants." Brown reveals that she, "together with four small children, the oldest not thirteen years of age, are reduced to the utmost distress as the labor of the deceased was their only support." The petitioner, "confiding in the legallity of her claim, as sanctioned by the eighth paragraph of the Act for the better ordering & Governing Negroes, but yet more in the justice and humanity of this Honourable House," prays for relief.

PAR Number 11380004

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Dr. Samuel Fairchild seeks compensation for two slaves, Solomon and Dorcas. He reports that Solomon was "convicted and executed for the atrocious crime of murder, which he wantonly and maliciously committed upon the body of his Wife Dorcas, a wench also belonging to your petitioner." Fairchild states that Solomon was appraised "by a Court of Justices and Freeholders on Edisto Island, Charleston District" before his execution at the value of £65 sterling; Dorcas was valued by "three honest and worthy Citizens" at £120 sterling. The petitioner, having not "received any part of the said appraisement," humbly "submits to your honourable Body his great loss, and prays that you will grant him such compensation as you may in your wisdom and justice deem proper."

PAR Number 11380009

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Dr. Samuel Fairchild seeks compensation for two slaves, Solomon and Dorcas. He reports that Solomon was "convicted and executed for the atrocious crime of murder, which he wantonly and maliciously committed upon the body of his Wife Dorcas, a wench also belonging to your petitioner." Fairchild states that Solomon was appraised "by a Court of Justices and Freeholders on Edisto Island, Charleston District" before his execution at the value of £65 sterling; Dorcas was valued by "three honest and worthy Citizens" at £120 sterling. The petitioner, having not "received any part of the said appraisement," humbly "submits to your honourable Body his great loss, and prays that you will grant him such compensation as you may in your wisdom and justice deem proper."

PAR Number 11380013

State: South Carolina Year: 1800

Abstract: William Somarsall seeks compensation for his slave, September, who was "condemned and executed for Murder." He avers that September was "valued & appraised at one Hundred Pounds Sterling" by the Court of Justices and Freeholders. The petitioner therefore "submits his Case & relies on the Justice of the legislature to afford him such relief" as his circumstance may require.

PAR Number 11380015

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: Colleton Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Major Brown, the widow of Joseph Chandler Brown, laments that her husband "was killed on the spot" by the gunfire of "a gang of runaway negroes, the property of divers persons, not living in that neighbourhood; and who infested that part of the country, then very thinly inhabited by white inhabitants." Brown reveals that she, "together with four small children, the oldest not thirteen years of age, are now reduced to the utmost distress as the labor of the deceased was their only support." The petitioner, "confiding in the legallity of her claim, as sanctioned by the eighth paragraph of the Act for the better ordering & Governing Negroes, but yet more in the justice & humanity of this Honorable House," prays for relief.

PAR Number 11380016

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: York Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Robert Murphy, "a guard" under Constable William Moore, represents that he was called upon to apprehend "a certain negro man named Joe, the property of a Robert Ash." He states that said Joe had been charged with "an Assault & Battery with an Intent of Ravishment" on a white woman in the neighborhood. Murphy recounts that he pursued Joe and "found him at the Negro House of a Certain Mrs. Cally" and that Joe "did not surrender himself" and instead "fled & was killed." Murphy, having been sued by Ash and fined $124 in damages, prays the legislature to grant "such relief as to your wisdom shall seem meet."

PAR Number 11380017

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: St. Paul Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Ava Culliatt, widow of Adam Culliatt, represents that her husband, a blacksmith, was "a trooper in the Jacksonborough troop of horses" and that he "was ordered out in a detachment of the said troop ... in pursuit of a party of negro slaves, who had recently committed a murder in the neighbourhood." Culliatt laments that her "said husband was unfortunately, while on that service, killed by his horse, whereby your petitioner and her infant child are deprived of their only support." The petitioner, "confiding in the legallity of her claim, as sanctioned by the eighth paragraph of the Act for the better ordering and governing Negroes, but, yet more in the justice and humanity of this Honorable House," prays for relief.

PAR Number 11380018

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: St. Paul Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Ava Culliatt, widow of Adam Culliatt, represents that her husband, a blacksmith, was "a trooper in the Jacksonborough troop of horse" and that he was "ordered out in a detachment of the said troop ... in pursuit of a party of Negro Slaves, who had infested that neighbourhood and had recently committed a murder there." Culliatt laments that her "said husband was while on that service unfortunately killed by his horse, whereby your petitioner and her infant child are deprived of their only support." The petitioner, "confiding in the legallity of her claim, as sanctioned by the eighth paragraph of the Act for the better ordering and governing negroes, but, yet more in the justice and humanity of this Honorable House," prays for relief.

PAR Number 11380019

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: York Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Robert Murphy, "a guard" under Constable William Moore, represents that he was called upon to apprehend "a certain negro man named Joe, the property of a Robert Ash." He states that said Joe had been charged with "an Assault & Battery with an Intent of Ravishment" on a white woman in the neighborhood. Murphy recounts that he pursued Joe and "found him at the Negro House of a Certain Mrs. Cally" and that Joe "did not surrender himself" and instead "fled & was killed." Murphy, having been sued by Ash and fined $124 in damages, prays the legislature to grant "such relief as to your wisdom shall seem meet."

PAR Number 11380110

State: South Carolina Year: 1801
Location: Chester Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Samuel Lacey avows that he "shot and killed at my own house ... one mullattoe man slave, of own property, which appeared to be the only alternative for the Preservation of myself & family." He further reports that he contacted the coroner, who "held an inquest & the Jury return'd a Verdict in my favor." Lacey recounts that said coroner turned his findings over to "the Solicitor for this [Chester] circuit" and that said Solicitor "thought me very Justifiable in what I had done & shoud dismiss me without any Indictment or hearing on the case." Lacey, "possessed of the Idea that I ought to be entitled to the same compensation as in the case of negroes executed by Law," seeks compensation for the slave that he killed.

PAR Number 11380403

State: South Carolina Year: 1804

Abstract: William Royall seeks compensation for Jack, his "valuable Negro fellow about 30 Years of Age who was lately prosecuted convicted & executed for the Murder of a Negro woman [Beck] also belonging to Your Petitioner." Royall admits that the "loss of two such Prime Hands is Particularly hard and unfortunate to Your Petitioner whose pecuniary circumstances are by no means eligible." He therefore prays that "Your Honble Body not to make any deduction from the inconsiderable Sum of two Hundred Dollars," which is what the Court of Magistrates and Freeholders assessed Jack's value to be.

PAR Number 11380502

State: South Carolina Year: 1805

Abstract: Stephen Boykin seeks compensation for his slave Will, who was executed for killing a white man with an ax. Boykin recalls that the said Will "eloped from him and was taken up near Charleston" in October 1805 "by a man of the name of Tredwell." He further represents that Tredwell, "instead of taking the measures with the negro that the law in that case directs," made Will work while he watched over him "with a pistol in his hand." The petitioner states that Will, "observing Tredwell to be off his guard," struck him with an ax and "immediately made his escape and returned home to your Petitioner." Boykin admits that he "surrendered him up to receive the punishment that the laws of the Country in that case inflicts, and he was accordingly executed." He prays that he be allowed "such Compensation as the wisdom of your Honorable Body deem meet."

PAR Number 11380504

State: South Carolina Year: 1805

Abstract: Stephen Boykin seeks compensation for his slave Will, who was executed for killing a white man with an ax. Boykin recalls that the said Will "eloped from him and was taken up near Charleston" in October 1805 "by a man of the name of Tredwell." He further represents that Tredwell, "instead of taking the measures with the Negro that the law in that case directs," made Will work while he watched over him "with a Pistol in his hand." The petitioner states that Will, "observing Tredwell to be off his guard," struck him with an ax and "immediately made his escape and returned home to your Petitioner." Boykin admits that he "surrendered him up to receive the punishment that the laws of the Country in that case inflicts, and he was accordingly executed." He prays that he be allowed "such compensation as the Wisdom of your Honorable Body deem meet."

PAR Number 11380602

State: South Carolina Year: 1806
Location: Richland Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Mary Ellis seeks compensation for her "negro wench," who was "willfully killed" by one Nicholas Rholer. She reports that she "did obtain a warrant and did cause to be apprehended and Bound over the Said Nicholas Rholer to the Court." She further recounts that after the said Rholer "was so recognized he absconded." Ellis asserts that she "would have been intitled by law to a moity of the fine imposed upon the said Nicholas Rholer had he been tried and convicted." The petitioner therefore prays that "she receive one moity of the monies to be recovered on the forfeited recognizance."

PAR Number 11380604

State: South Carolina Year: 1806
Location: Edgefield Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Mary Moseley laments that her husband, while on "a hunting Excursion," was mortally wounded by a runaway slave. She recounts that her husband Mason saw "a Negro fellow Indeavouring to hide himself from his View" and that when Mason approached "nearer his suspision was Confirm'd that he was a Runaway." She states that he ordered said "Negro to strip of his Cloathes to Search if he had any offensive weapons about him"; finding none, Mason made the man "go on Before him to the house." The petitioner reports that when her husband "got nearer to him than what was Necessary the Negro Catch'd the oppertunity" and stabbed Mason "in his Belly with a Knife which he had Kept Conceal'd." Mary states that, despite medical assistance, her husband "Lingered in Great pain" and died two days after the incident. The petitioner, "a Widdow Left in a Distress Situation," asks that she be granted "such Remedy as meets the approbation of the Genl Assembly."

PAR Number 11381302

State: South Carolina Year: 1813
Location: Fairfield Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Walter Pool, acting constable for Fairfield District, seeks compensation for four men who guarded a slave convicted of murder. Pool asserts that said men "performed the duties of guard for the Space of twelve days." Noting "that there is no law by which provision is made to compensate services of such a discription," the petitioner "thinks [it] proper to make this application to your honorable body."

PAR Number 11381303

State: South Carolina Year: 1813
Location: Fairfield Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Walter Pool, acting constable for Fairfield District, seeks compensation for four men who guarded "a certain negroe man" convicted of murder. Pool asserts that said men "performed the duties of guard for the Space of twelve days." Noting "that there is no law by which provision is made to compensate services of such a discription," the petitioner "thinks [it] proper to make this application to your honorable body."

PAR Number 11381401

State: South Carolina Year: 1814
Location: Colleton Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Matthew O'Driscoll represents that "two very valuable slaves the property of your Petitioner were shot dead, by an armed Party" while he was attending a committee meeting of the South Carolina House of Representatives convened to investigate "charges of [his] misconduct in Office as Clerk, Ordinary and Register of Colleton District." He further reports that the militia justified its actions by virtue of the 1804 Militia Act Law, which "specifies that such party has the legal right to kill any slave 'that shall have absented himself from the services of his Owner and shall flee from pursuit'." He notes that his slaves were in the company of a runaway slave named April, who has since been "taken, tried convicted and executed for crimes of which he was then guilty" and that April's owner "is now intitled to the usual remuneration from your Honorable House." In contrast, O'Driscoll avows that his "slaves were not accused of having committed any overt act or injured any person during their absence from him, and that he alone was thereby a Sufferer." The petitioner, having been deprived of his property, therefore feels justified in seeking the passage "of a law" that "will reimburse him to the full amount of the loss which he has sustained."

PAR Number 11381405

State: South Carolina Year: 1814
Location: Abbeville Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: William Ware states that, on 22 July 1814, his slave Jim was barbarously "stabed & Kiled in attempting to apprehend a Negro fellow who was run away for upwards of three months who had been plundering & Stealing through the neighbourhood for that time." He reports that he ordered Jim and several other slaves "to take him" and that Jim "was kiled in the Act of taking him." Avowing that Jim "was amongst the first class of Negroes," Ware hopes "your Honorable body will take it in consideration" and "Grant your petitioner such Relief as your petitioner thinks he is Intitled to." Ward considers that Jim "was doing a Laudable Act" and "he was obeying my lawful Orders." The appraisers valued Jim at $500.

PAR Number 11381408

State: South Carolina Year: 1814
Location: Fairfield Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: John Cook of Georgia states that his wife, Mary Ellen Hampton Cook, "became entitled to a certain negroe man, by name Ellis" as a legatee in the will of her maternal grandfather, George Dawkins. Cook reveals that his father-in-law, Colonel Edward Hampton, was killed during the American Revolution and that the said Ellis was accidentally shot and killed by militia in pursuit "of certain persons known to be inimical to the cause of this country." Noting that his wife has never received any kind of remuneration "for this accidental misfortune," the petitioner prays "for some indemnification in right of his wife."

PAR Number 11381504

State: South Carolina Year: 1815
Location: Union Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Jemima McJunkin laments that her husband, Samuel McJunkin, was "murdered by his own Negro Man, who has been since (Justly) executed agreeably to the laws of the land." She further states that "the existing laws of the State does not allow of any compensation to owners; for Slaves executed for Murder." Left with five small children, the petitioner prays that "your Honours will take" her "peculiarly distressing" case into consideration and that "you will grant such compensation as to Justice and humanity doth belong." [A related petition identifies the said slave as Dick.]

PAR Number 11381507

State: South Carolina Year: 1815
Location: Abbeville Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: William Ware seeks compensation for his thirty-year-old slave named Jim, who was "Kiled by Endeavouring to take a Runaway Negro By the Name of Sam, the property of Andrew Agnew." Ware states that Sam "had been Run away for Six Month and had plundered the Settlement." The petitioner recounts that he directed "My Negroes to watch & take him [Sam] or give me some Intelligene & try to Decoy him So that I could Get hold of him”; he laments that "Unfortunately for him & Me [the slave Jim] was stabed to the Heart" and died the same day. Noting that he purchased Jim for $507 "a Year or Two Before," Ware asserts that his slave "was doing a Laudable Act Both to State & Society by apprehending such Villions who absconded their Masters plantation.” The petitioner therefore prays that his case be duly considered and that he be granted "such Relief as he thinks he is Intitled to."

PAR Number 11381510

State: South Carolina Year: 1815
Location: Union Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Jemima McJunkin laments that her husband, Samuel McJunkin, was "murdered by his own Negro Man, who has been since (Justly) executed agreeably to the laws of the land." She further states that "the existing Law of the State does not allow of any compensation to owners, for Slaves executed for Murder." Left with five small children, the petitioner prays that "your Honours will take" her "peculiarly distressing" case into consideration and that "you will grant such compensation as to Justice and humanity doth belong." [A related petition identifies the said slave as Dick.]

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