Race and Slavery Petitions Project

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PAR Number 11380701

State: South Carolina Year: 1807
Location: Colleton Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: William McCants seeks compensation for the slave Daniel, who was killed "by the falling of a tree" while working on a public road. Lamenting that he has sustained "heavy damage in the loss” of said slave," McCants trusts in "the liberality of your honorable body" and prays that he will be granted "such relief as in Your Wisdom Shall be thought proper."

PAR Number 11381103

State: South Carolina Year: 1811
Location: Williamsburgh Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: The executors of the estate of Isaac Mathews represent "that a valuable negro man, belonging to said estate, was drowned in Black River, while at work removing the obstructions & improving the navigation of said river, being thereto called out by legal authority." They further state that "the heirs of said estate are ill able to bear the loss of so faithful & prime a servant as he was" and that “they conceive, as the said negro was performing services for the benefit of the Public, the Public ought to bear the loss of him.” They therefore "pray your honorable Body to take the case into consideration, & to grant compensation to the orphans of said estate for said negro."

PAR Number 11381104

State: South Carolina Year: 1811
Location: Williamsburgh Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Samuel Wilson, administrator of the estate of John Wilson, represents "that a valuable Negro man, belonging to said estate, was drowned, the 31st day of August last, in Black River, while at work removing the obstructions & improving the navigation of said river, being thereto called out by legal authority." He further states that "the Heirs of said estate are ill able to bear the loss of so faithful & prime a servant as he was" and that “he conceives, as the said negro was performing services for the benefit of the Public, the Public ought to bear the loss of him.” He therefore "prays your honorable Body to take the case into consideration, & to grant compensation to the orphans of said estate for said negro."

PAR Number 11381204

State: South Carolina Year: 1812
Location: Williamsburgh Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: John Mathews and William Lester, executors of the estate of Isaac Mathews, seek compensation for "a valuable young negro man drowned in Black River, on the day the said negro attended to do public work on the said river." The petitioners "Pray that your Honorable body would take this their humble Petition into consideration, and grant to the heirs of the said Isaac Mathews such compensation, for said negro, as in your wisdom and justice shall seem equitable."

PAR Number 11381205

State: South Carolina Year: 1812
Location: Sumter Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Francis Tisdale recounts that his slave sustained serious injuries "while employed in assisting in opening" a "New Road from Sumter court house to intersect the road leading down the west side of Black River." According to Tisdale, his slave "received a Considerable injury, both his [thighs] and one arm broken by the falling on him of a tree." The petitioner further reports that he has thusly "been put to considerable expence" and that by "the nature of the injury he has been deprived of the labour & Services of Said Slave for a considerable time past"; in addition, "said slave is depreciated in his value in consequence of said injury." Noting that he is "in indigent circumstances," Tisdale appeals for "that releif which has ever been shown to those whose property has been injured or used in the public service."

PAR Number 11381605

State: South Carolina Year: 1816
Location: Sumter Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Francis Tisdale recounts that, in 1812, he was "Summoned to Turn out (with all his Slaves liable to work on the Roads) and Assist in Repairing the Public High Way leading from Sumterville to Black River." According to Tisdale, while his slave Peter “was Laboring on the said Public High Way a Tree was unfortunately & accidentally Fallen on him which broke both of his Thighs ... also his Left Wrist, which rendered him forever unable to do much Labor and was entirely Useless and unserviceable to your Petitioner for a long time." He further reports that "it has Cost him a Considerable Sum of Money in getting the said Peter Cured of his Wounds." In that "this Loss and Misfortune took place while the said Peter was Laboring on the Public High Way," the petitioner “Prays your Honourable Body to Grant him a Relief Adequate to the injury he has sustained."

PAR Number 11381606

State: South Carolina Year: 1816
Location: Sumter Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Francis Tisdale recounts that, in 1812, he was "Summoned to turn out (with all his Slaves liable to work on the Roads) and Assist in Repairing the Public High way leading from Sumterville to Black River." According to Tisdale, while his slave Peter “was Laboring on the said Public High Way a Tree was unfortunately & accidentally Fallen on him which broke both of his Thighs ... and also his Left Wrist, which rendered him forever unable to do much Labor and was entirely Useless to your Petitioner for a great while." He further reports that "it has Cost him a Considerable Sum of Money in getting the said Peter Cured of the said Wounds." In that "this Misfortune took place while the said Peter was Laboring on the High Way," the petitioner “prays your Honourable Body to Grant him a Relief Adequate to the injury he has sustained."

PAR Number 11381727

State: South Carolina Year: 1817
Location: Spartanburg Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Wyett and Robert Lipscomb represent that they purchased a tract of land in Spartanburg District "with a view of Settling and Residing Permenently" in South Carolina. The Lipscombs further disclose that they have twenty slaves which they "wish to bring into the state for the sole purpose of cultivating and improving the Said Land." Citing that amongst said slaves are "excellent Tanners," the petitioners propose "to Erect a Tanyard and to Carray on the Manufacturing of Leather as Extensively as the Situation of the Place and Circumstances of the Country will admit." They therefore pray that their "Particular Situation" be considered and that they be permitted "to bring into this State the aforesaid Number of Twenty Negroes to in able us to Carray our aforesaid views into effect."

PAR Number 11381804

State: South Carolina Year: 1818
Location: Marion Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: William Baker, a man "whose means are at best very limited," seeks compensation for his slave who was killed by "the accidental falling of a peice of timber while raising the Roof" on the Marion District jail. Baker believes "that it is always the intention of your honorable body that persons whose hands are employed on any publick work belonging to the State shall receive a fair profit on their labor instead of the loss of them." The petitioner therefore prays that his case be "attentively and feelingly considered" and that "some remuneration be made for the loss of said negro."

PAR Number 11381910

State: South Carolina Year: 1819

Abstract: William Washington states that "in the month of June last he sent a number of slaves to be employed under the directions of the Civil & military Engineer in the service of the State." He reports that the next month one of said slaves "was killed by a stone which was projected to a distance much greater than usual." Trusting in the "Justice & Wisdom of your Honorable House," the petitioner prays that he "be compensated for the loss he has sustained."

PAR Number 11382003

State: South Carolina Year: 1820
Location: Williamsburgh Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: John Matthews, executor of the estate of Isaac Matthews, states that "a negro man named Sam the property of Isaac Matthews aforesaid was drowned when in Public Service working on Black River." He further reports that "the said Isaac Matthews in his life time or his estate since his death has not been remunerated for said loss, notwithstanding applications have been made." He "humbly hopes that your Honorable Body will take the Case under your serious Consideration, and grant such Relief in the premises as you, in your wisdom may deem meet."

PAR Number 11382004

State: South Carolina Year: 1820
Location: Williamsburgh Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: John Matthews, executor of the estate of Isaac Matthews, states that "a Negro man named Sam the property [the deceased] was drowned when in public service working on Black River." He further reports that "the said Isaac Matthews in his life time or his estate since his death has not been remunerated for said loss, notwithstanding applications have been made." He "humbly hopes that your Honorable body will take the Case under your serious consideration, and grant such relief in the premises as you in your Wisdom may deem meet."

PAR Number 11382104

State: South Carolina Year: 1821
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Mary Warham represents that, "in consequence of the faithful services and general good conduct" of her slave Simon, she "many years since covenanted and agreed with the said Servant to manumit him upon his paying the sum of Four hundred Dollars." She further acknowledges that "Simon has paid the sum so contracted for before the passing of the Act of 1820, wherefore your Petitioner ought to manumit him." Warham therefore prays that "your Honorable Body would in consideration of the premises manumit ... the said slave Simon." The Act of 1820 "on this subject prevents her" from freeing Simon.

PAR Number 11382111

State: South Carolina Year: 1821
Location: Sumter Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Francis Tisdale recounts that, in 1812, he was "Summoned to turn out with all his Slaves liable to work on the Roades and assist in Repairing the Publick highway leading from Sumterville to Black River." According to Tisdale, while his slave Peter “was Laboring on the said Publick Highway a Tree was unfortunately and accidentally Fallen on him which Broke Both of his Thighs ... also his left wrist, which Rendered him forever unable to do much labor and was entirely useless to your Petitioner for a great while." He further reports that "it has Cost him a Considerable Sum of money in getting the Said Peter Cured of the Said Wounds." In that "this misfortune took place while the Said Peter was laboring on the highway," the petitioner “prays your Honourable Body to grant him a Relief adequate to the injury he has Sustained."

PAR Number 11382113

State: South Carolina Year: 1821
Location: Sumter Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Francis Tisdale recounts that, in 1812, he was "Summoned to turn out with all his Slaves liable to work on the Roades and assist in Repairing the Publick highway leading from Sumterville to Black River." According to Tisdale, while his slave Peter “was Laboring on the said Publick Highway a Tree was unfortunately and accidentally Fallen on him which broke both of his Thighs ... also his left wrist, which rendered him forever unable to do much labor and was entirely useless to your Petitioner for a great while." He further reports that "it has Cost him a Considerable Sum of money in getting the Said Peter Cured of the Said wounds." In that "this misfortune took place while the Said Peter was Laboring on the Highway," the petitioner “prays your Honourable body to grant him a Relief adequate to the injury he has Sustained."

PAR Number 11382116

State: South Carolina Year: 1821
Location: Sumter Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Francis Tisdale recounts that, in 1812, he was "Summoned to turn out with all his Slaves liable to work on the roads and assist in repairing the Public High way leading from Sumterville to Black River." According to Tisdale, while his slave Peter “was Labouring on the said Public High way a tree was unfortunately and accidentally fallen on him which broke both of his thighs ... and also his left wrist which rendered him forever unable to do much labour and was entirely useless to your Petitioner for a great while." He further reports that "it has cost him a considerable Sum of money in get the Said Peter cured." In that "this misfortune took place while the said Peter was labouring on the High way," the petitioner “prays your Honorable body to grant him a relief adequate to the injury he has sustained."

PAR Number 11382316

State: South Carolina Year: 1823
Location: Beaufort Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Dr. Francis Porcher seeks compensation for his slave Welcome who died while working on a public road leading from Savannah to Coosawatchee. Porcher relates that "a great deal of competition was excited among some of the slaves in the execution of the labour that had been assigned them, and in consequence of the great exertions made by your Petitioners slave, he was overcome and died on the spot." Porcher therefore prays "that his case may be taken into consideration by your Honorable House and that such relief as is usually extended to the owners of slaves who are lost in the service of the Public may be granted to him."

PAR Number 11382322

State: South Carolina Year: 1823
Location: Beaufort Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Dr. Francis Porcher seeks compensation for his slave Welcome who died while working on a public road leading from Savannah to Coosawatchee. Porcher relates that "a great deal of competition was excited among some of the slaves in the execution of the labour that had been assigned them, and in consequence of the great exertion made by your Petitioners slave he was overcome and died on the spot." Porcher therefore prays "that his case may be taken into consideration by your Honorable House, and that such relief as is usually extended to the owners of slaves who are lost in the service of the Public may be granted to him." A statement from two public roads commissioners attests that Welcome "was employed as an axeman" and that his exertion coupled with "the heat of the season was the cause of his sudden death." They "consider the said fellow to have been as valuable as most Slaves, and well worth Six hundred Dollars."

PAR Number 11382606

State: South Carolina Year: 1826
Location: Beaufort Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: John Norton reports that, in December 1822, the legislature appropriated $15,000 for the opening of Walls Cut," a canal that would accommodate first-class steamboats and coastal vessels entering the river systems in Beaufort District. With his proposal accepted by the state, Norton used “twenty-two negroes” to begin the job. He reports that the work continued until "a violent gale of wind from the N.E. driving in a tide that arose to a height almost unparaleled" washed away much of what had been accomplished. Facing losses, he admits that he "was compelled to exercise economy in every shape, & determined to hire none but black labourers"; however, "on this calculation he was greatly disappointed their owners were almost universally opposed, to their engaging in so dangerous an employ." Stating that he nonetheless completed the work after several years, the petitioner now seeks payment for his efforts. He represents that he and his family have been "immersed at Walls Cut" for two-and-a-half years, suffering "loss & deprivation of almost every comfort in life." He details that he has exhausted his resources, he is in debt, and his laborers have not been paid. The petitioner therefore prays that "your Honble Body will not suffer him to be a loser after all his exertions to discharge his duty under such appalling circumstances, when the public receives such additional benefit and that you award to him for his losses & the extra work performed that which in yr wisdom & judgement you may deem to be his just merit."

PAR Number 11382902

State: South Carolina Year: 1829
Location: Colleton Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: John Inabnet recounts that in January 1829 he "hired to the superintendant of public works Mr Whitner a number of negroes to work on the State road from Providence." Inabnet insists that "it was contrary to the agreement" to have "the hands hired by your petitioner" worked on the lower section of the road. He states that "about august after the negroes were hired one of your petitioner's was killed by another of the road hands who was hired to work on the upper section of road." Noting that he consented for the hiring "because he saw the public necessity of this mile of road being repaired as it was almost impassable," the petitioner "respectfully solicit your honorable body to consider the claims of your petitioner to some compensation for said negro."

PAR Number 11382904

State: South Carolina Year: 1829
Location: Colleton Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: John Inabnet recounts that in February 1829 he "hired several negro slaves to Col. B. F. Whitner the Superintendant of the Public Works to work on the State road from Providence Swamp to Charleston." Inabnet insists that "it was a condition of the contract, that said slaves were not to be taken above Providence except for one small job." He charges that "said hands were without your Petitioners knowledge or consent taken up the State road ... where in the month of July" his "negro fellow named Caesar was killed by another slave named Jesse, hired by the Superintendant to work on the route." The petitioner purports that he "by this departure from the contract ... has lost a slave worth six hundred Dollars." He therefore prays "that he may be paid that amount ... to compensate him for the loss he has sustained in the service of the State."

PAR Number 11383102

State: South Carolina Year: 1831
Location: Fairfield Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: James McCants seeks compensation for the loss of his thirty-year-old slave named March. McCants states that March was one of "forty hands" contracted by "the Commissioners of the Roads Bridges &c" to rebuild a bridge on the Little River. The petitioner recalls that "when some of the props gave way and in the falling of the arch the negro March received an injury in his back or loins of which he shortly afterwards died." Of the belief "that compensation for similar losses has been made by your honorable Body," McCants "trusts that his case will be taken into consideration and such relief granted as the circumstances of the case will authorise."

PAR Number 11383103

State: South Carolina Year: 1831
Location: Claremont Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: John Bradley seeks compensation for a "Prime field hand" named Moses, who was killed on 19 September 1831 when a tree fell on him while he was working on a public road. Moses was nineteen or twenty years old and "of good Character."

PAR Number 11383109

State: South Carolina Year: 1831
Location: Claremont Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: John Bradley seeks compensation for a "Prime field hand" named Moses, who was killed on 19 September 1831 when a tree fell on him while he was working on a public road. Moses was nineteen or twenty years old and "of good Character."

PAR Number 11383112

State: South Carolina Year: 1831
Location: Sumter Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: John Bradley seeks compensation for his twenty-one-year-old "prime field hand" named Moses, who "whilst at work on the public road in Clermont County Sumter District was killed by the top of a tree which was felled upon him by some other negroes working near him." Bradley contends that Moses "came to his death, not by the act of God, but by the carelessness of the negroes, who felled the tree upon him." Citing that "the said negro man was worth five hundred dollars," Bradley prays said sum "may be paid him by the state with interest."

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