Race and Slavery Petitions Project

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PAR Number 11379404

State: South Carolina Year: 1794
Location: Marlborough Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Thomas Bingham represents that in 1776 "a negroe fellow slave named Toney the property of your petitioner was tried & Executed agreable to Law for Commiting a rape on the body of a white woman." Bingham further asserts that "a Certificate of his Appraisment and Execution were placed in the hands of Genl Tristram Thomas to return to the auditors office but He unfortunately lost the Same." The petitioner therefore prays that his case be considered and that he be granted "such relief as in your Wisdom shall seem meet."

PAR Number 11379503

State: South Carolina Year: 1795

Abstract: John Green laments that "the only Slave he could Place any Confidence in" was "apprehended for an offence, and was brought to trial, and condemned to be hanged." Green, as "the manager of his Plantation," reveals that this "Event has been greatly to your Petitioners disadvantage." Noting that the slave was valued at seventy pounds sterling, the petitioner "humbly conceives your Honorable Body possesses too much Justice to Reject his Petition."

PAR Number 11379703

State: South Carolina Year: 1797
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Nine "Inhabitants of St. James Parish Goose Creek" submit that, on the night of 6 March 1797, "a Certain Negro man slave Named Beny" set fire to the house and barn of George Keckely; the said slave was "the Property of Conrad Keckely, the Father of the said George." They further declare that, on 6 April 1797, the "Offender was duly Convicted and Hung But not before being valued and Appraised at one Hundred Pounds." The petitioners, "Neighbours of the Said George Keckely," state that they "are moved with Humanity and Pity" for the said George Keckely. They therefore pray that the said George be paid "the full amt of One Hundred pounds being the appraisement and value thereof [which] will encourage the Bringing Such wanton Criminallity to Examplary punishment."

PAR Number 11379705

State: South Carolina Year: 1797
Location: Williamsburgh Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Robert Gamble seeks compensation for a thirty-six-year-old slave, by trade a blacksmith, convicted "of Houseburning" and sentenced to death. Reporting that the slave "broke custody before he was executed," Gamble considers "the fellow as officially lost to him as if the execution had really taken place." The petitioner, "in an advanced period of Life," therefore "submits his case to your Honorable Body not doubting but that you will do him justice." Gamble asserts that he relied on "the income arising from" the slave's trade, which he cites as providing a "considerable support."

PAR Number 11379708

State: South Carolina Year: 1797
Location: Abbeville Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Georgia residents James Hughlin and Elijah Clark seek compensation for their slaves, who were executed in Abbeville District, South Carolina, for burglary. The petitioners report that "said Negroes were appraised by the Justices and Jury who tried them, as follows: Negro Jim, the property of James Hughlin, at Three Hundred Dollars; and Negro Summer, the property of Elijah Clark, at One Hundred & fifty Dollars." Noting that they have "never received any compensation," they pray that their petition will be taken "into consideration" and that they will be granted relief.

PAR Number 11379709

State: South Carolina Year: 1797
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Nine "Inhabitants of St. James Parish Goose Creek" submit that, on the night of 6 March 1797, "a Certain Negro man Slave Named Beny" set fire to the house and barn of George Keckely; the said slave was "the property of Conrad Keckely, the Father of the Said George." They further declare that, on 6 April 1797, the "offender was duly Convicted, and Hung but not before being valued and Appraised at one Hundred pounds." The petitioners, "Neighbours of the Said George Keckely," state that they "are moved with Humanity and Pity" for the said George Keckely. They therefore pray that the said George be paid "the full Sum of one Hundred pounds being the appraisement and value thereof which will encurage the Bringing Such wanton Criminallity to Exemplary punishment."

PAR Number 11379801

State: South Carolina Year: 1798
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: John Desbeaux seeks compensation for his slave Figaro. Figaro, along with two other slaves, was convicted of treason. Figaro and John Louis were sentenced to be "hanged by the neck until their bodies be dead"; the third slave, Chappelle, was to be "confined in some proper secure place untill an opportunity offers to ship him out of the State to any place out of the United States."

PAR Number 11379802

State: South Carolina Year: 1798
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: James Delaire states that his slave, Paul, alias Figaro, was convicted of sedition and sentenced to be transported from the United States to the Dutch Colony of Surinam and sold. Other slaves involved in the plot were hanged, but Paul testified against them and his life was spared. Paul was turned over to Duncan Hill, owner of the brig Aurora, for transport to Surinam. Owing to the "Intense cold the said Figaro had suffered in the Work House at Charleston & the strong pressure of the Irons on his legs very few days after the Sailing of the Aurora he was taken with a swelling about the ankles which turn'd into a sore & that a mortification of the flesh ensuing his toes rotted & one of his feet drop'd of[f] entirely." As a result, Paul sold for only about $20 though he was worth $350. Delaire seeks compensation.

PAR Number 11379803

State: South Carolina Year: 1798
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: James Delaire states that his slave, Paul, alias Figaro, was convicted of sedition and sentenced to be transported from the United States to the Dutch Colony of Surinam and sold. Other slaves involved in the plot were hanged, but Paul testified against them and his life was spared. Paul was turned over to Duncan Hill, owner of the brig Aurora, for transport to Surinam. Owing to the "Intense cold the said Figaro had suffered in the Work House at Charleston & the strong pressure of the Irons on his legs very few days after the Sailing of the Aurora he was taken with a swelling about the ankles which turn'd into a sore & that a mortification of the flesh ensuing his toes rotted & one of his feet drop'd of[f] entirely." As a result, Paul sold for only about $20 though he was worth $350. Delaire seeks compensation.

PAR Number 11379805

State: South Carolina Year: 1798

Abstract: George Keckeley seeks compensation for the slave Ben, who "in the dead of Night Sett fire to his Dwelling house and Barn." He further asserts that, "from motives of making a public Example of so great a Crime," he delivered Ben to the authorities, whereupon Ben "was brought to his tryal, found Guilty, Convicted and Hung, but not untill he was valued, and agreed upon to be worth one hundred Pounds." The petitioner, in view of his "great loss of his Dwelling & other property," prays that the Treasurer pay to him "the full amount of the sd. appraisement."

PAR Number 11379806

State: South Carolina Year: 1798

Abstract: George Keckeley seeks compensation for the slave Ben, who "in the dead of Night Sett fire to his Dwelling house and Barn." He further asserts that, "from motives of making a public Example of so great a Crime," he delivered Ben to the authorities, whereupon Ben "was brought to his tryal, found Guilty, Convicted and Hung, but not untill he was valued, and agreed upon to be worth one hundred Pounds." The petitioner, in view of his "great loss of his Dwelling & other property," prays that the Treasurer pay to him "the full amount of the sd. appraisement."

PAR Number 11379901

State: South Carolina Year: 1799
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: George Keckeley seeks compensation for the slave Ben, who was charged, convicted, and hanged for setting fire to the petitioner's house and barn. In a joint resolution, Keckeley explains, the legislature awarded him $120.25. However, when he applied to the "Treasurer of Charleston," he found that no provision had been made for him to collect the money. He therefore prays that such provisions be made as “shall be Deemd Just & proper.”

PAR Number 11379906

State: South Carolina Year: 1799
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Joshua Canter represents that he purchased a slave named Cain from Thomas Coveney "some short time ago" for seventy-six pounds. He further discloses that "a court of Justices and freeholders passed Sentence of death upon the Said Negroe for committing burglary and larceny which Sentence was accordingly executed on the fifteenth day of November instant." Canter reports that "before passing the Said Sentence" Cain was appraised and valued at seventy pounds. The petitioner therefore prays that his circumstances be considered and that the treasurer of the state be directed "to pay unto him the value of the Said Slave."

PAR Number 11380002

State: South Carolina Year: 1800

Abstract: LeRoy Buford seeks compensation for a slave convicted and executed for poisoning.

PAR Number 11380004

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Dr. Samuel Fairchild seeks compensation for two slaves, Solomon and Dorcas. He reports that Solomon was "convicted and executed for the atrocious crime of murder, which he wantonly and maliciously committed upon the body of his Wife Dorcas, a wench also belonging to your petitioner." Fairchild states that Solomon was appraised "by a Court of Justices and Freeholders on Edisto Island, Charleston District" before his execution at the value of £65 sterling; Dorcas was valued by "three honest and worthy Citizens" at £120 sterling. The petitioner, having not "received any part of the said appraisement," humbly "submits to your honourable Body his great loss, and prays that you will grant him such compensation as you may in your wisdom and justice deem proper."

PAR Number 11380005

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Benjamin Langstaff, administrator of the estate of John Langstaff, seeks compensation for the slave John Louis. John Louis, along with two other slaves, was convicted of treason. John Louis and Figara were sentenced to be "hanged by the neck until their bodies be dead"; the third slave, Chappelle, was to be "confined in some proper secure place untill an opportunity offers to ship him out of the State to any place out of the United States."

PAR Number 11380006

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: Sumter Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: James Richardson seeks compensation for his slave, a "very valuable Negro Fellow," who, absconded "immediately after he discovered that he was sold and to be removed to the Country." Richardson recounts that the slave, when found, was "taken and placed in the Gaol of Charleston, for which your Petitioner paid the sum of Fifty Dollars." He laments, however, that said slave was shortly thereafter "taken by the warrant of a Magistrate and tryed for Burglary, Convicted of the Charge, and was executed." The petitioner prays that he may be granted "such compensation as you in your wisdom should deem equitable and just."

PAR Number 11380007

State: South Carolina Year: 1800

Abstract: Leroy Beuford seeks compensation for a slave named John who was convicted and executed for poisoning. Beuford believes that "he has Not Justice Done Him." Related documents contain the testimony of several slaves that detail John's acts of conjuring and suspected poisoning.

PAR Number 11380008

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: Richland Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Philip S. Smith, a St. Bartholomew Parish planter, represents that in 1795 "a Negro Fellow named Ishmael the Property of his Father Philip Smith ... was executed at Ashepoo for Felony." With "no application having ever been made in the Life Time of his Father for Compensation for said Negro," the petitioner prays "that the Sum allowed by Law, in Causes of such a Nature may be paid him."

PAR Number 11380009

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Dr. Samuel Fairchild seeks compensation for two slaves, Solomon and Dorcas. He reports that Solomon was "convicted and executed for the atrocious crime of murder, which he wantonly and maliciously committed upon the body of his Wife Dorcas, a wench also belonging to your petitioner." Fairchild states that Solomon was appraised "by a Court of Justices and Freeholders on Edisto Island, Charleston District" before his execution at the value of £65 sterling; Dorcas was valued by "three honest and worthy Citizens" at £120 sterling. The petitioner, having not "received any part of the said appraisement," humbly "submits to your honourable Body his great loss, and prays that you will grant him such compensation as you may in your wisdom and justice deem proper."

PAR Number 11380010

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Benjamin Langstaff, administrator of the estate of John Langstaff, seeks compensation for the slave John Louis. John Louis was convicted of treason and hanged in 1797. The petitioner, "by reason of the indisposition of the said John Langstaff the father of your Petitioner & the subsequent neglect of your Petitioner the Claim for said negro was never before submitted to the Legislature. He now "hopes the Certificate accompanying this Petition will fully substantiate his right of Indemnity in the Premises & relies on the Justice of the legislature for compensation."

PAR Number 11380013

State: South Carolina Year: 1800

Abstract: William Somarsall seeks compensation for his slave, September, who was "condemned and executed for Murder." He avers that September was "valued & appraised at one Hundred Pounds Sterling" by the Court of Justices and Freeholders. The petitioner therefore "submits his Case & relies on the Justice of the legislature to afford him such relief" as his circumstance may require.

PAR Number 11380020

State: South Carolina Year: 1800
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Mary Norton seeks compensation for her slave, Cuffy, who was "condemned to be executed for Larceny & attempting to cut the throat of Solomon Nathan." Norton, "a widow in indigent circumstances," claims that Cuffy "was in a considerable degree the source whence she drew her support." Noting that said slave was appraised at eighty pounds sterling," the petitioner prays the "Honble house to order the said sum of eighty pounds Sterling to be paid her or to afford her such relief as to your wisdom shall seem proper."

PAR Number 11380109

State: South Carolina Year: 1801
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: Amos Pilsbury, administrator of the estate of Edward Tash, seeks compensation for the slave Mary, who was convicted of arson by the Wardens of the City Council of Charleston in July 1798 and "executed shortly afterward." Mary, a slave belonging to said Tash, was worth three hundred dollars at the time of her death. Pilsbury represents that "neither the said Edward Tash in his life time, or your petitioner since the death of the said Edward Tash have received any payment, satisfaction or recompense for the said Negro Woman Mary."

PAR Number 11380206

State: South Carolina Year: 1802
Location: Charleston Location Type: District/Parish

Abstract: William Simmons seeks reimbursement for the materials he "furnished for the Execution of a Negro fellow named Davy found Guilty of & Sentenced to be burnt for Robbery & Murder." He also seeks payment for "attending the Execution of the negro Smart," wherein he was "armed to prevent a rescue." The receipts provided by Simmons show that he spent £7 6s. 10p for "Wood, tar, post & chains &cet:" for the execution of Davy and that he charged £3 the next day on 5 December 1800 to stand guard at the execution of Smart. Simmons did "Furnish the materials for the Execution of Davy above mentioned," one observer noted, and attended "armed under the apprehension of a rescue" the execution of Smart.

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