Race and Slavery Petitions Project

Petition 10383702 Details

State:Delaware
Salutation:To the Honourable General Assembly of Delaware
Filing Date:1837-February-17

General Petition Information

Abstract:In 1809, Delaware resident John Cooper manumitted several slaves, including a woman named Lydia. By 1826, Lydia had married John Hawkins, a free man of color, and the couple had three children (Charity, Sally, and John) and were living in Caroline County, Maryland. However, John Cooper's son-in-law, John Willoughby, convinced Cooper that the Delaware manumissions were not valid in Maryland and that Cooper faced prosecution for allowing his former slaves to move there. Willoughby thus "seduced" Cooper to sign a deed conveying Lydia and her children to Willoughby, to Cooper's son, Richard, and to other relatives. Soon after, Willoughby and Richard Cooper took Lydia and her children to the Sussex County jail with "the intention to selling them to southern traders." John Cooper and another of his sons learned of this and demanded the former slaves be released, which they were. The freed slaves were never bothered again during John Cooper's life, the petitioner states. In April 1836, however, Willoughby and a gang of armed men kidnapped Hawkins' three children and the children of others freed by John Cooper and carried them to the jail in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. Willoughby's objective was to sell them to "foreign traders, or carry them to the south himself." The case of their freedom is still pending in Queen Anne's County, Maryland. Hawkins seeks an act that would affirm the legality of the manumission of his wife and children.
Result:House: presented, read, referred
# of Petition Pages:4
Related Documents:Records of the Caroline County, Maryland, Court, Copy of Bill of Sale, John Cooper to Samuel B. Cooper, et al., 7 July 1826; Affidavit of Samuel B. Cooper, 15 February 1837; Records of the Kent County, Delaware, County Court, Deed of Manumission, John Cooper to Negro Slaves, 29 December 1809
Pages of Related Documents:6

People Associated with Petition 10383702

Slaves:36
Free Persons of Color:5
Defendants:0
Petitioners:1
Other People:2

Citation Information

Repository: Delaware State Archives, Dover, Delaware

  • General Assembly, Legislative Papers
  • Record Group: 1111
  • Page: 250-253, 258-263
  • Microfilm: 250-253, 258-263

Processing Information

Record Created:7/8/1995
Record Final Edited:4/1/1998
Record Last Updated on:1/5/2008 6:25:00 PM