Race and Slavery Petitions Project

Petition 20185425 Details

State:Alabama
Location:Sumter
Location Type:County
Salutation:To the Honorable Wade Keyes, Chancellor of the Southern Chancery Division of the State of Alabama (KEYES, Wade)
Filing Date:1854-March-24
Ending Date:1856-June-19

General Petition Information

Abstract:In 1824, South Carolina Simeon Clay conveyed to his daughter Nancy, "for her only proper use and behoof," a one-year-old slave girl named Louisa, from "the family of negroes being the best he ever knew." The family had been "entailed to him" by his grandfather, and he hoped to pass on their descendants to his grandchildren. About four years later, Nancy married George Cameron, and some years later the couple moved to Greene County, Alabama, where George "repeatedly and publicly" declared that Louisa and the children born to her over the years belonged to his wife. Nancy and George had one child, Lucretia Ann. Nancy Clay Cameron died in about 1849, and George remarried. By that time, Louisa had given birth to seven children. In 1853, George Cameron mortgaged Louisa and her children to Charles and John Roberts "in trust" to "indemnify" a bill of exchange for one thousand dollars. He executed another mortgage that same year for $777.77 the same family of slaves. After George Cameron's death that same year, his widow, Sarah Swilley Grant Cameron, took possession of the slaves; she has since repeatedly refused to hand them over to Lucretia Ann and her husband Jacob Lockhart. Lucretia is now suing her stepmother, her stepmother's father, and brother, and the two men who were parties to the mortgage executed by George Cameron in 1853. She tries to gain possession of the slaves. She also seeks an injunction to prevent their sale, an account of their hire since Nancy's death, and any other relief the court "shall seem meet."
Result:dismissed; appealed; affirmed
# of Petition Pages:5
Related Documents:Affidavit, Jacob and Lucretia Lockhart [Lockheart], 22 March 1854; Copies of Exhibit A-Deed of Gift, Simeon Clay to Nancy C. Clay, 7 February 1824; Certification of Copy, 20 May 1852; Exhibit B-Bill of Exchange, George Cameron to C. M. and J. S. Roberts, 20 March 1853; Exhibit C-Mortgage Deed, George Cameron to Samuel and John W. Swilley, 4 May 1853; Fiat, Jacob Lockheart, 23 March 1854; Injunction Bond, Jacob and Lucretia Lockheart, 24 March 1854; Opinion and Decree, 6 August 1855; Certification of Transcript, 19 December 1855; Appeal to Alabama Supreme Court, January 1856; Sumter Chancery Court Index, 19 June 1856; Copies of Appeal Bond, Jacob and Lucretia Lockheart, 5 September 1855; Certification of Copies of Appeal Bond, 19 December 1855; Certification of Appeal to Supreme Court, 3 October 1855; Summons to Defendants to Appear in Supreme Court, 3 October 1855
Pages of Related Documents:11

People Associated with Petition 20185425

Slaves:9
Free Persons of Color:0
Defendants:5
Petitioners:2
Other People:3

Citation Information

Repository: Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, Alabama

  • Alabama Supreme Court Cases, Supreme Court Records, June 1856
  • Volume: 204
  • Page: 1-11, 110-13

Processing Information

Record Created:8/1/1996
Record Final Edited:7/30/1999
Record Last Updated on:6/14/2007 3:45:00 PM