Race and Slavery Petitions Project

Petition 21384649 Details

State:South Carolina
Location Type:District
Salutation:To the Honorable the Chancellors of Said State (, )
Filing Date:1846-December-21
Ending Date:1848-June-19

General Petition Information

Abstract:Four grandchildren of the late William Smiley seek to protect their remainder interest in his estate slaves. By his will, Smiley left all his property to his widow in life estate and, at her death, to his grandchildren. The widow, Dorothy Smiley, had possession of the estate until 1844 when she sold "her interest therein to one Newell Webb." Webb has threatened recently to send the eighteen slaves out of the state, where they "may never be able to find or get them upon the death of said Dorothy Smiley," thus depriving them of their remainder interest in said inheritance. In addition, they "believe the said negroes have been treated very badly." They cite that "on one occasion as many as a hundred lashes were inflicted on one of the boys not more than twelve years of age." In addition, "although the females ... were in the habit of breeding very fast in the life time of the Testator, yet since his death although there are four women between the ages of eighteen and forty, only one child has been born among the whole of them." Therefore, the heirs pray that Smiley and Webb be ordered to give "ample security" to ensure that the slaves will be forthcoming at her death. They also request that the defendants be ordered "to treat said negroes more humanely and to furnish them with sufficient & wholesome food, and with sufficient clothing, and to abstain from inflicting severe and cruel punishment upon any of them."
Result:slaves sold
# of Petition Pages:7
Related Documents:Copy of Will, William Smiley, 26 October 1836; Oath, Harry W. Adams, n.d.; Oath, James R. Scott, 12 June 1843; Oath, James W. Adams, 1 May 1841; Copy of Inventory, Estate of William Smiley, 2 November 1844; Commissioner's Report, 1 March 1847; Decretal Order, 19 June 1848
Pages of Related Documents:10

People Associated with Petition 21384649

Free Persons of Color:0
Other People:11

Citation Information

Repository: South Carolina Department of Archives and History, Columbia, South Carolina

  • Records of the Equity Court, Bills
  • Record Group:
  • Document Number
  • Box: 62
  • Folder: 2
  • Book:
  • Volume:
  • Page:
  • Microfilm: Orders #745, #744, Reel D1277

Processing Information

Record Created:7/12/2002
Record Final Edited:10/27/2004
Record Last Updated on:11/1/2006 4:10:00 PM