Adelaide Murphy was born 29 August 1921 in Boston, Massachusetts. She graduated from Notre Dame Academy in 1939, and then attended nearby Lesley College for teacher training.
Murphy joined the Woman Marines in early 1943 and was sent to Hunter College in New York for basic training. Following basic training, she was sent to Atlanta, Georgia, for LITIS (Link Instrument Training Instructors School). She was then stationed at Cherry Point, North Carolina, in mid-1943 to be a Link Trainer. She was transferred to nearby Bogue, North Carolina, and was in charge of the Link department. In 1944, Murphy was transferred to Vero Beach, Florida, to do more advanced Link training. She was discharged from the Marines in fall 1945.
Murphy married in November 1945 and stayed with her husband at Vero Beach until his discharge. They then moved to Asheville for a year, followed by Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1947. They had three children. Adelaide Murphy died on 29 May 2005.