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The Betty H. Carter Women Veterans Historical Project

DAPHINE DOSTER MASTROIANNI PAPERS

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BIOABSTRACT

Daphine Doster Mastroianni (1906-2000) of Monroe, North Carolina, served in New Zealand, Fiji, and India with the Army Nurse Corps (ANC) from 1942 to 1945. After the war, Mastroianni continued her nursing career with the U.S. Public Health Service, the Arkansas Health Department, and later as dean of University of Arkansas School of Nursing.


COLLECTION SUMMARY

16 February 1999 Oral History Interview; Photographs: Newspaper Clippings;copies of correspondence, 1942-1945; L.O.D. Yes: An Odyssey of the Army's 18th General Hospital, 1947, 1948; Military Papers; Newsletters, Programs and Miscellany.

Photographs depict basic training at Fort Jackson, South Carolina; and her service as a surgical nurse in the Army Nurse Corps in New Zealand, Fiji and India; and Mastroianni's return to the states after the war. Mastroianni wrote detailed descriptions on the back of many of the photographs; She had sent those to her future husband, Joe Mastroianni, a Red Cross worker she had met in Fiji.

Related Materials: See the Daphine Doster Papers, 1909-1987 in the UNCG Manuscripts Collections.


BIOGRAPHY

Daphine Doster Mastroianni was born 7 October 1906 in Monroe, North Carolina, to a railroad worker and a nurse, and was raised in Gibson, North Carolina. She graduated from high school in 1923 and then attended the North Carolina College for Women (now the University of North Carolina at Greensboro), where she studied music. After graduating in 1927, Mastroianni worked as a music teacher at Cherryville High School and later Kings Mountain High School. She enrolled at John Hopkins School of Nursing in 1933 and graduated in 1936. She worked as a surgical nurse for three years in the operating room of John Hopkins and later Berea College Hospital in Berea, Kentucky. Mastroianni also did public nursing in Richmond, Kentucky, and Bowling Green, Kentucky.

Mastroianni joined the Army Nurse Corps in 1942 with a unit from Johns Hopkins Hospital, the 18th General Hospital. She went through basic training at Fort Jackson, South Carolina, and then served as a surgical nurse in New Zealand and Fiji from 1942 to 1945. In 1945 she was transferred to Calcutta, India. She returned to the U.S. and was briefly assigned to Fort Devens, Massachusetts.

Following her discharge, Mastroianni received her master’s in public health from the Minnesota School of Public Health. She worked for twenty-four years with the U.S. Public Health Service providing loans and personnel to aid states. During that time she worked for two years in the Arkansas Health Department. From 1952 to 1953 she served as acting dean of the school of nursing at the University of Arkansas while developing a four-year bachelor of science program in nursing. In 1992 she married Joe Mastroianni, whom she had originally met during World War II. Daphine Doster Mastroianni died on 3 August 2000.


CONTENTS AVAILABLE ONLINE:
Item
Army Nurse Corps nurse with medical supplies in hospital converted from Old Victoria School, Fiji, circa 1943
Item # WV0038.6.019
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Daphine Doster Mastroianni in front of thatched building, circa 1943
Item # WV0038.6.020
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Daphine Doster Mastroianni and two friends, Fiji, 1942-1945
Item # WV0038.6.016
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Daphine Doster Mastroianni and Fijian man, 1944
Item # WV0038.6.017
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Daphine Doster Mastroianni in uniform, circa 1942
Item # WV0038.6.001
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Daphine Doster Mastroianni in uniform, 1945
Item # WV0038.6.002
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Daphine Doster Mastroianni in Fiji, circa 1943
Item # WV0038.6.003
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Portrait of Daphine Doster Mastroianni, circa 1942
Item # WV0038.6.004
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Army and Army Nurse Corps at worship service, India, 1945
Item # WV0038.6.005
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Barge carrying Army Nurse Corps, India, 1945
Item # WV0038.6.006
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Army nurses in front of Maori meeting house, 1942
Item # WV0038.6.023
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Oral history interview with Daphine Doster Mastroianni, 1999
Item # WV0038.5.001
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Daphine Doster Mastroianni in hospital converted from Old Victoria School, circa 1943
Item # WV0038.6.018
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Nurses on barge during trip across India, 1945
Item # WV0038.6.007
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Daphine Doster Mastroianni at an open-air market, India, 1945
Item # WV0038.6.008
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Daphine Doster Mastroianni and friend on elephant, India, 1945
Item # WV0038.6.009
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Daphine Doster Mastroianni in hammock, with friends, India, 1945
Item # WV0038.6.010
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Daphine Doster Mastroianni in front of tent, India, 1945
Item # WV0038.6.011
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Daphine Doster Mastroianni washing at basin outside of tent, India, 1945.
Item # WV0038.6.012
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Army nurses at thermal region in Rotorua, New Zealand, 1942
Item # WV0038.6.021
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Daphine Doster Mastroianni in front of nurses' quarters at basic training, 1942
Item # WV0038.6.024
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Army nurses in front of nurses' quarters, 1942
Item # WV0038.6.025
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Wooden palisade around Maori village, 1942
Item # WV0038.6.022
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Marines, two on crutches. Fiji, circa 1942-1943
Item # WV0038.6.013
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Army Nurse and two male service members in Army vehicle, Fiji, circa 1942-1945
Item # WV0038.6.014
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers
Army tent with bench and chair outside. Fiji, circa 1942-1945
Item # WV0038.6.015
From the Daphine Doster Mastroianni Papers