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The Betty H. Carter Women Veterans Historical Project

MARTHALOU HUNTER PAPERS

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BIOABSTRACT

Marthalou Hunter (b. 1914) of Cullowhee, North Carolina, served as a lab technician while a member of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps and the Women’s Army Corps from 1943 to 1947. She later had a career in serology and public health in North Carolina and Georgia.


BIOGRAPHY

Marthalou Hunter was born in Weaverville, North Carolina, in 1914. She attended Western Carolina Teachers’ College in Cullowhee (now Western Carolina University) for two years and then studied at the University of Arizona. She attended nursing school at Duke University for one year but received her bachelor’s degree from Western Carolina and taught science from 1936 to 1938 at Celeste Hinkle High School in Statesville, North Carolina. In 1938, she got a job at the State Laboratory of Hygiene, where she worked until 1942. While there, she did one year of graduate study at the Johns Hopkins School of Hygiene and Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland.

In 1942, Hunter joined the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps. She completed Officer Candidate School at Fort Des Moines, Iowa, as a member of the third WAAC class. Hunter was then stationed in Daytona Beach, Florida, from November 1942 to March 1943, where she helped establish a second WAAC training center. Hunter then took a WAAC company to Fort Frances E. Warren in Cheyenne, Wyoming, where she remained through the fall. Her next assignment was doing laboratory work at Fitzsimmons General Hospital in Denver, Colorado, but she was not there long before being sent back to Daytona Beach, and from there to Brookley Field at Mobile, Alabama.

Hunter was then assigned to overseas duty. In June 1944 she arrived in the U.K. and was first stationed in Salisbury, England, at the First Medical General Lab (FMGL) for the European Theater of Operation. She also served briefly in Le Havre, France, and Darmstadt, Germany, before returning to the U.S. in December 1946.

Following her discharge in early 1947, Hunter worked at the Veterans Administration (VA) hospital in Swannanoa, North Carolina, before getting her master’s at the School of Public Health at the University of North Carolina. She then worked at the VA Hospital in Dublin, Georgia, and for nine years at a VA Hospital in Atlanta. Hunter later retired from the Centers for Disease Control.


CONTENTS AVAILABLE ONLINE:
Item
Marthalou Hunter as a serologist, 1943
Item # WV0105.6.013
From the Marthalou Hunter Papers
WACs marching, circa 1945
Item # WV0105.6.014
From the Marthalou Hunter Papers
WAAC platoon at Daytona Beach, circa 1943
Item # WV0105.6.004
From the Marthalou Hunter Papers
WAAC company in Daytona Beach, circa 1943
Item # WV0105.6.005
From the Marthalou Hunter Papers
U.S. Army parade, circa 1944
Item # WV0105.6.007
From the Marthalou Hunter Papers
Two WACs and a WAVE, circa 1945
Item # WV0105.6.008
From the Marthalou Hunter Papers
Marthalou Hunter with soldier, circa 1945
Item # WV0105.6.009
From the Marthalou Hunter Papers
Marthalou Hunter and father, circa 1943
Item # WV0105.6.010
From the Marthalou Hunter Papers
Marthalou Hunter with Frederick C. Whitten, circa 1945
Item # WV0105.6.011
From the Marthalou Hunter Papers
WACs in physical training, circa 1944
Item # WV0105.6.012
From the Marthalou Hunter Papers
WAACs in front of sign, circa 1943
Item # WV0105.6.006
From the Marthalou Hunter Papers
WAACs with Jane Wyman, 1943
Item # WV0105.6.002
From the Marthalou Hunter Papers
Marthalou Hunter and K. Kostolich, circa 1943
Item # WV0105.6.003
From the Marthalou Hunter Papers
Oral history interview with Marthalou Hunter, 1999
Item # WV0105.5.001
From the Marthalou Hunter Papers