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Greensboro Police Department

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Biographical/Historical note:

Although the Greensboro Police Department did not actually come into existence as an officially sanctioned governmental agency until 1889, its roots extend back to the early 19th century. In 1810, the General Assembly passed a legislative charter for the town of Greensborough which set forth its first set of town regulations whereby six men were appointed as Commissioners of Police and were charged with preserving law and order in and for the town. In 1824, Greensborough became a self-governing town and was placed under the charge of five Town Commissioners, one of whom was the Town Constable. In 1829, the Town Commissioners appointed the first "Public Officer" and in March 1830, the Commissioners established a Citizen's Patrol system, designed to supplement the Public Officer position.


By the middle of the 19th Century, Greensborough had three paid law enforcement officers, whose efforts were also supplemented by a Citizen's Patrol system. On July 11, 1889, the City of Greensboro instituted a new city charter, which gave the Board of Alderman power to appoint a police force, consisting of a Chief of Police and policemen, officially establishing the Greensboro Police Force.


During the era of civil rights activity in the city, the Greensboro Police Department was led by Chief Paul B. Calhoun, from 1956-1974 and Chief William E. Swing, from 1975-1983. During this time period, the Greensboro police managed numerous non-violent and violent protests including public school desegregation, lunch counter sit-ins and protests’ against segregated businesses, Dudley High and North Carolina A&T State university protests, and the Klan and Nazi confrontation with Workers Viewpoint Organization (later Communist Workers Party) protestors.


A full history of Greensboro’s Police Department can be found at http://www.greensboro-nc.gov/departments/Police/AboutUs/History/


Items created by this individual or group:
Item thumbnail image Arrest record for sit-in
Date: May 15, 1963
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Huldah (Beth) Taylor Collection
This is an official record of arrest by the Greensboro Police Department of Huldah Elizabeth Taylor on May 15, 1963 at 7:15 pm. At the age of 18, Taylor was arrested at the S&W Cafeteria in Greensboro...
Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 01: Cover, table of contents, pp. i-iv]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 06: Appendices A-D: WVO Leaflets, pp.41-44]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 02: Background information, pp. 1-6]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 03, pp. 7-24]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 04: Summary, pp. 25-38]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 05: Conclusions, pp. 39-40]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 07: Appendix E: parade permit, pp. 45-48]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 08: Appendix F: news article, pg. 49]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 “Death to the Klan” rally where Nazis and members of the Ku...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 09: Appendix G: police attorney briefing, pp. 50-59]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 10: Appendix H: frequency one radio transcript, pp. 60-65]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 11: Appendix I: frequency three radio transcript, pp. 66-81]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 12: Appendix J: injured and deceased, pp. 82-13]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 13: Appendix K: arrested, pp. 84-86]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 14: Appendix L: police vehicle locations, pp. 87-89]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 15: Appendix M; news article, p. 90-91]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Administrative Report of the Anti-Klan Rally, Greensboro, North Carolina [Part 16: Appendix N: personnel list, pg. 92]
Date: November 19, 1979
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Sydney Nathans Papers

This official administrative report of the Greensboro Police Department documents the events surrounding the November 3, 1979 Death to the Klan rally where Nazis and members of the Ku Klux Klan (KK...

Item thumbnail image Basic Operational Plan: Commemoration of First Sit-In
Date: February1980
By: Greensboro Police Department
From: Miscellaneous Collection - J.A. Armfield Papers

This twenty four-page document was produced by the Greensboro Police Department in preparation for several upcoming events celebrating the twentieth anniversary of the Woolworth lunch counter sit i...