Select Bibliography of Secondary Materials

In A Room of One's Own, Virginia Woolf famously admired Lady Winchilsea as one of the great, unrecognized literary predecessors of her time. Because Finch was not afforded the same critical attention as her male contemporaries, "her gift," Woolf wrote, "is all grown about with weeds and bound with briars. It had no chance of showing itself for the fine distinguished gift it was." Fortunately for us, decades of scholarship since continue to clear away many of these weeds and briars to explore the complexity of Anne Finch's work.

The following select bibliography includes scholarship published primarily from the twentieth-century to the present by peer-reviewed journals and presses (excluding reference entries and essays). Its purpose is to assist students and researchers in their search for greater critical expertise about Anne Finch's life and works. Additional expanded content, including information about early reception history, will be available in the forthcoming companion print edition to this site, The Works of Anne Finch: A Critical Edition from Cambridge University Press.

Select Bibliography compiled by Rachael Thompson, April Williams, and Jennifer Keith; last updated March 30, 2013.


Anderson, Paul Bunyan. "Mrs. Manley's Texts of Three of Lady Winchilsea's Poems." Modern Language Notes 45.2 (1930): 95-99.

"Anne Finch." Orlando: Women's Writing in the British Isles from the Beginnings to the Present. The Orlando Project, edited by Susan Brown, Patricia Clements, and Isobel Grundy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Online, 2006. http://orlando.cambridge.org/public/svPeople?person_id=fincan.

Backscheider, Paula R. "Anne Finch and What Women Wrote." In Eighteenth-Century Women Poets and Their Poetry: Inventing Agency, Inventing Genre, 28-79. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2005.

Ballard, George. "Memoirs of Anne[,] Countess of Winchelsea." In Memoirs of Several Ladies of Great Britain, Who Have Been Celebrated for Their Writings or Skill in the Learned Languages Arts and Sciences, 431-33. Oxford: W. Jackson, 1752.

Barash, Carol. "Anne Finch: Gender, Politics, and Myths of the Private Self." In English Women's Poetry, 1649-1714: Politics, Community, and Linguistic Authority, 259-87. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

———. "The Political Origins of Anne Finch's Poetry." Huntington Library Quarterly: A Journal for the History and Interpretation of English and American Civilization 54.4 (1991): 327-51.

Barney, Richard A. "The Splenetic Sublime: Anne Finch, Melancholic Physiology, and Post/Modernity." Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 39 (2010): 1-34.

Bonnell, Thomas F. "Collins, Lady Winchilsea, and Pursuit of the Muse." In Teaching Eighteenth-Century Poetry, 273-89. New York: AMS Press, 1990.

Brashear, Lucy. "Finch's 'The Bird and the Arras.'" Explicator 39.3 (1981): 21-2.

Brower, Reuben A. "Lady Winchilsea and the Poetic Tradition of the Seventeenth Century." Studies in Philology 42.1 (1945): 61-80.

Bulgin, Iona. "Attempting the Pen: Anne Finch's Defence of a Woman's Right to Be a Poet." In TransAtlantic Crossings: Eighteenth-Century Explorations, edited by Donald W. Nichol with Iona Bulgin, Sandra Hannaford, and David Wilson, 1-10. St. John's Memorial University of Newfoundland, 1995.

Buxton, John. "The Countess of Winchilsea." In A Tradition of Poetry, 157-83. London: Macmillan, 1967.

———. "The Poems of the Countess of Winchelsea." Life and Letters 65 (1950): 195-204.

Callan, Norman. "Augustan Reflective Poetry." In From Dyrden to Johnson, edited by Boris Ford. Vol. 4 ofThe New Pelican Guide to English Literature, edited by Boris Ford, 346-71. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1963.

Cotton, Nancy. Women Playwrights in England, c. 1363-1750, 151-56, 198-201. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 1980.

Cuder-Domínguez, Pilar. "The Last of the Stuarts: Jane Wiseman and Anne Finch." In Stuart Women Playwrights, 1613-1713, 121-27. Farnham, England: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2011.

D'Alessandro, Jean M. Ellis. "Anne Countess of Winchilsea and the Whole Duty of Women: Socio-Cultural Inference in a Reading of 'The Introduction.'" Lingue del Mondon 52, nos. 5/6 (1988): 9-15.

———. Introduction to The Wellesley Manuscript Poems of Anne Countess of Winchilsea, by Anne Finch, 11-76. Florence: University of Florence, 1988.

———. "Lady Anne Winchilsea's Preface and the 'Rules' of Poetry." Filologia Moderna 10 (1988): 103-30.

———. When in The Shade…: Imaginal Equivalents in Anne the Countess of Winchilsea's Poetry. Udine: Del Bianco, 1989.

Donald, Jennie. "The Male Monarch and the Female Poet: Poetic Authority in the Political Poetry of Aphra Behn and Anne Finch." In Aphra Behn (1640-1689): Le modèle Européen, 77-84. Paris: Bilingua, 2005.

Dowden, Edward. "A Noble Authoress." In Essays Modern and Elizabethan, 234-49. New York: Books for Libraries, 1970.

Duff, Virginia M. "'[F]allen by Mistaken Rules': Anne Finch's 'The Bird and the Arras' and the Subtle Indictment of Domestic Confinement and Marriage Law." Eighteenth-Century Women: Studies in Their Lives, Work, and Culture 1 (2001): 39-48.

Eames, John E. "Sir William Kingsmill (1613-1661) and His Poetry." English Studies 67.2 (1986): 126-56.

Emig, Rainer. "Enlightenment Struggles over Gender and Creation: The Debates on Spleen." In Gender and Creation: Surveying Gendered Myths of Creativity, Authority, and Authorship, 97-114. Heidelberg, Germany: Universitätsverlag, 2010.

Erskine-Hill, Howard. "Literature and the Jacobite Cause: Was There a Rhetoric of Jacobitism?" In Ideology and Conspiracy: Aspects of Jacobitism, 1689-1759, edited by Evelie Cruickshanks, 49-69. Edinburgh: John Donald, 1982.

Ezell, Margaret J. M. Writing Women's Literary History, 127-29. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.

Fairchild, Hoxie Neale. Religious Trends in English Poetry. Vol. 1, 1700-1740, Protestantism and the Cult of Sentiment, 236-43. New York: Columbia, 1939.

Fausset, Hugh l'Anson. Introduction to Minor Poets of the Eighteenth Century: Thomas Parnell, Matthew Green, John Dyer, William Collins, and Anne, Countess of Winchilsea, vii-xxii. London: Everyman, 1930.

Gavin, Michael. "Critics and Criticism in the Poetry of Anne Finch." ELH: English Literary History 78.3 (2011): 633-55.

Gosse, Edmund. "Lady Winchilsea's Poems." In Gossip in a Library, 121-32. New York: Cornell University Press, 1970.

Greer, Germaine. "What We Are Doing and Why We Are Doing It." Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 1.1 (1982): 5-26.

———. "Wordsworth and Winchilsea: The Progress of an Error." In The Nature of Identity: Essays Presented to Donald E. Haydon by the Graduate Faculty of Modern Letters, the University of Tulsa, 1-13. Tulsa: University of Tulsa, 1981.

Hampsten, Elizabeth. "Petticoat Authors: 1660-1720." Women's Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 7.1-2 (1980): 21-38.

———. "Poems by Ann Finch." Women's Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal 7.1-2 (1980): 5-19.

Hellegers, Desiree. "'The Threatening Angel and the Speaking Ass': The Masculine Mismeasure of Madness in Anne Finch's 'The Spleen.'" Genre: Forms of Discourse and Culture 26.2-3 (1993): 199-217.

Hinnant, Charles H. "Anne Finch and Jacobitism: Approaching the Wellesley College Manuscript." Journal of Family History 21.4 (1996): 496-502.

———. "Feminism and Femininity: A Reconsideration of Anne Finch's 'Ardelia's Answer to Ephelia.'" The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation 33.2 (1992): 119-132.

———. The Poetry of Anne Finch: An Essay in Interpretation. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1994.

———. "Song and Speech in Anne Finch's 'To the Nightingale.'" SEL: Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900 31.3 (1991): 499-513.

Hughes, Helen Sard. "Lady Winchilsea and Her Friends." The London Mercury 19 (1929): 624-35.

Johnstone, Lesley. "Winchilsea's 'Nocturnal Reverie,' Lines 4-6." Explicator 41.4 (1983): 20.

———. "Winchilsea's 'Nocturnal Reverie,' Lines 25-28." Explicator 41.4 (1983): 20-21.

Jones, Tom. "Anne Finch (1661-1720)." In British Writers: Supplement IX, 65-78. New York: Scribner's, 2004.

Jordan, Nicolle. "'Where Power Is Absolute': Royalist Politics and the Improved Landscape in a Poem by Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea." Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation 46.3 (2005): 255-75.

Jung, Sandro. "Silence in Early Eighteenth-Century Poetry: Finch, Akenside, Collins." Lili: Zeitschrift Für Literaturwissenschaft Und Linguistik 33.131 (2003): 151-62.

Keith, Jennifer. "Anne Finch's Aviary: or, Why She Never Wrote 'The Bird and the Arras.'" Philological Quarterly 88.1-2 (2009): 77-102.

———. "The Poetics of Anne Finch." SEL: Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900 38.3 (1998): 465-80.

Kennedy, Deborah. Poetic Sisters: Early Eighteenth-Century Women Poets, 19-58, 215-25. Bucknell University Press, 2013.

———. "The Radiant Throne: Religion and the Poetry of Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea." Women's Writing 18.3 (2011): 423-40.

Knox-Shaw, Peter. "Jane Austen's Nocturnal and Anne Finch." English Language Notes 39.3 (2002): 41-54.

Kowaleski-Wallace, Beth Elizabeth. "Women, China, and Consumer Culture in Eighteenth-Century England." Eighteenth-Century Studies 29.2 (1995): 153-67.

Lavoie, Chantel. "The Progress of Another Error: Anne Finch's 'The Spleen.'" In Representations of Time in the XVIIIth Century/Le Temps et ses représentations au dix-huitième siècle, 107-17. Edmonton, Alberta: Academic, 1999.

———. "Leaving the Poet(ess) for Dead: Anne Finch and Alexander Pope." In Collecting Women: Poetry and Lives, 1700-1780, 116-35. Lewisburg: Bucknell University Press, 2009.

Lewis, Jayne Elizabeth. "Invading the 'Transparent Laberynth': Anne Finch and the Poetics of Translation." In Dwelling in Possibility: Women Poets and Critics on Poetry, edited by Yopie Prins and Maeera Shreiber, 166-84. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997.

———. "In Her 'Transparent Laberynth': Obstructions of Poetic Justice in Anne Finch's Fables." In The English Fable: Aesop and Literary Culture, 1651-1740, 128-55. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Lilley, Kate. "True State Within: Women's Elegy 1640-1700." In Women, Writing, History, 1640-1740, edited by Isobel Grundy and Susan Wiseman, 72-92. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1992.

Lindsay, Alexander. Index of English Literary Manuscripts. Vol. 3, pt. 4. London: Mansell Publishing, 1997. 535-70.

Linker, Laura Alexander. "'Th'unhappy Poet's Breast': Resisting Violation in Anne Finch's 'To the Nightingale.'" English Studies: A Journal of English Language and Literature 88.2 (2007): 166-76.

Mallinson, Jean. "Anne Finch: A Woman Poet and the Tradition." In Gender at Work: Four Women Writers of the Eighteenth Century, edited and introduced by Ann Messenger, 34-76. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1990.

McGovern, Barbara. Anne Finch and Her Poetry: A Critical Biography. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1992.

———. "Finch, Pope, and Swift: The Bond of Displacement." In Pope, Swift, and Women Writers, edited by Donald Charles Mell, 105-24. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1996.

McGovern, Barbara, and Charles H. Hinnant. "Introduction." In The Anne Finch Wellesley Manuscript Poems: A Critical Edition, xv-xlii. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1998.

Medoff, Jeslyn. "The Daughters of Behn and the Problem of Reputation." In Women, Writing, History 1640-1740, edited by Isobel Grundy and Susan Wiseman, 32-54. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1992.

Meek, Heather. "Of Wandering Wombs and Wrongs of Women: Evolving Conceptions of Hysteria in the Age of Reason." English Studies in Canada 35.2-3 (2009): 105-28.

———. "'[W]hat Fatigues We Fine Ladies Are Fated to Endure': Sociosomatic Hysteria as a Female 'English Malady.'" In Diseases of the Imagination and Imaginary Disease in the Early Modern Period, edited by Yasmin Haskell, 375-96. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2011.

Mermin, Dorothy. "Women Becoming Poets: Katherine Philips, Aphra Behn, Anne Finch." ELH: English Literary History 57.2 (1990): 335-55.

Messenger, Ann P. "'Adam Pos'd': Metaphysical and Augustan Satire." West Coast Review 8.4 (1974): 10-11.

———. "Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea (1661-1720)." In Pastoral Tradition and the Female Talent: Studies in Augustan Poetry, 39-55. New York: AMS, 2001.

———. "Lady Winchilsea and Twice-Fallen Women." Atlantis 3 (1978): 83-97.

———. "Publishing Without Perishing: Lady Winchilsea's Miscellany Poems of 1713." Restoration: Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660-1700 5.1 (1981): 27-37.

———. "Selected Nightingales and an 'Augustan' Sensibility." English Studies in Canada 6 (1980): 145-53.

Miller, Christopher R. "Staying Out Late: Anne Finch's Poetics of Evening." SEL: Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900 45.3 (2005): 603-23.

Mintz, Susannah B. "Anne Finch's 'Fair' Play." Midwest Quarterly: A Journal of Contemporary Thought 45.1 (2003): 74-93.

Murry, John Middleton. "Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea (1661-1720)." New Adelphi NS.1 (1927-8): 145-53.

———, ed. Introduction to Poems by Anne, Countess of Winchilsea, 1661-1720, by Anne Finch, 3-20. London: Jonathan Cape (1928).

Patey, Douglas Lane. "Anne Finch, John Dyer, and the Georgic Syntax of Nature." In Augustan Subjects: Essays in Honor of Martin C. Battestin, edited by Alberto J. Rivero, 29-46. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1997.

Pickard, Richard. "Environmentalism and 'Best Husbandry': Cutting Down Trees in Augustan Poetry." In Theatre of the World/Théâtre du Monde, edited by Carol Gibson-Wood and Gordon D. Fulton, 103-26. Edmonton, Alberta: Academic, 1998.

Pickard, Zachariah. "Finch's 'A Sigh'" Explicator 58.4 (2000): 186-8.

Plaisant, Michele. "Féminisme et Poésie en Angleterre à l'aube du XVIIIe siècle." In Aspects du Féminisme en Angleterre du 18e Siècle, 11-48. Lille: Lille University Press, 1973.

———. "Sentiment et représentation de la mort chez quelques poètes anglais du xviiie siècle." In La Mort, le fantastique, le surnaturel du XVIe siècle à l'époque romantique, edited by Michele Plaisant and Jean-Claude Dupas, 67-76. Lille: Lille University Press, 1980.

Quinsey, Katherine M. "Nature, Gender, and Genre in Anne Finch's Poetry: 'A Nocturnal Reverie.'" In Imitation et invention au siècle des Lumières/Imitation and Invention in the Eighteenth Century, edited and preface by Marc André and Suzanne Foisy, 63-77. Kelowna, British Columbia: Academic, for Canadian Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, 2007.

Rainbolt, Martha. "Women Naming Women: The Use of Sobriquets by Aphra Behn, Anne Finch, and Katherine Philips." Names: A Journal of Onomastics 50.2 (2002): 133-53.

Reynolds, Myra, ed., introd. "Introduction." In The Poems of Anne, Countess of Winchilsea, xvii-cxxxiv. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1903.

———. The Learned Lady in England, 1650-1760 (passim). Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1920.

Robinson, Mabel. "Lady Winchelsea: A Modernist." The Sewanee Review 25 (1971): 412-21.

Rogers, Katharine M. "Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea: An Augustan Woman Poet." In Shakespeare's Sisters: Feminist Essays on Women Poets, edited with introduction by Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar, 32-46. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1979.

———. Feminism in Eighteenth-Century England, 85-92. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1982.

———. "Finch's 'Candid Account' vs. Eighteenth-Century Theories of the Spleen." Mosaic: A Journal for the Interdisciplinary Study of Literature 22.1 (1989): 17-27.

———. Introduction to Selected Poems of Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea, ix-xxiv. New York: Ungar, 1979.

Salvaggio, Ruth. "Anne Finch Placed and Displaced." In Enlightened Absence: Neoclassical Configurations of the Feminine, 105-26. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1988.

Sarikaya, Dilek. "Representation of Female Poetics in Anne Finch's Poetry." Epiphany: Journal of the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, International University of Sarajevo 2.2 (2009): 20-30.

Scholz, Susanne. "Anne Fince, Gräfin von Winchilsea: (1661-1720)." In Englische Frauen der Frühen Neuzeit: Dichterinnen, Malerinnen, Mazeninnen, edited by Gesa Stedman, 149-64. Zurich: Primus Verlag GmbH, 2001.

Seber, Hande. "'Such an Intruder on the Rights of Men': The Poetry of Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea." Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi/Journal of the Faculty of Letters 24.2 (2007): 181-98.

Sena, John F. "Melancholy in Anne Finch and Elizabeth Carter: The Ambivalence of an Idea." The Yearbook of English Studies 1 (1971): 108-19.

Smith, Hilda L. Reason's Disciples: Seventeenth-Century English Feminists, 156-63. Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1982.

Solomon, Diana. "Anne Finch, Restoration Playwright." Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 30.1 (2011): 37-56.

Spencer, Jane. "Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea (1661-1720): Sorrow Into Song." In Women and Poetry, 1660-1750, edited by Sarah Prescott and David E. Shuttleton, 60-70. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Staves, Susan. "Finch's MISCELLANY POEMS." In A Literary History of Women's Writing in Britain, 1660-1789, 138-44. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Stewart, Susan. "Out of the Darkness: Nocturnes." In Poetry and the Fate of the Senses, 255-91. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 2002.

Straznicky, Marta. "Anne Finch: Authorship, Privacy and the Restoration Stage." In Privacy, Playreading, and Women's Closet Drama, 1550-1700, 91-111. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

———. "Restoration Women Playwrights and the Limits of Professionalism." ELH: English Literary History 64.3 (1997): 703-26.

Thomas, Claudia N. Alexander Pope and His Eighteenth-Century Women Readers, 140-45. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1994.

Thompson, Denys. "Anne Finch." PN Review 8.6 [26] (1982): 35-8.

———. Introduction to Anne Finch, Countess of Winchilsea: Selected Poems, 7-15. New York: Routledge, 2003.

Uphaus, Robert W., and Gretchen M. Foster, eds. The "Other" Eighteenth Century: English Women of Letters 1660-1800. East Lansing: Colleagues Press, 1991. 165-80.

Williams, Iolo A. "Some Poetical Miscellanies of the Early Eighteenth-Century." The Library 10 (1930): 233-51.

Williamson, Marilyn L. Raising Their Voices: British Women Writers, 1650-1750, 113-26, 264-73, 297-306. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1990.

Winn, James A. "'A Versifying Maid of Honour': Anne Finch and the Libretto for Venus and Adonis." Review of English Studies: The Leading Journal of English Literature and the English Language 59.238 (2008): 67-85.

Woolf, Virginia. A Room of One's Own, 58-61, 80, 92. London: Hogarth Press, 1929. Reprinted with foreword by Mary Gordon. San Diego: Harcourt Brace and Company, 1989.

Wright, Gillian. "The Birds and the Poet: Fable, Self-Representation and the Early Editing of Anne Finch's Poetry." The Review of English Studies (Advance Access published online August 20, 2012): 1-21.